Sopwith 2.F1 Naval Camel
|Sopwith Naval Camel|
|First flight||Mar 1917|
|Primary user||U.K. (RNAS)|
|Developed from||Sopwith Camel|
|Wingspan||8.20 m (26 ft 11 in) |
|Engine||150hp Bentley BR1 rotary|
|Armament||1 sync. fixed Vickers and|
1 top-wing pivoting Lewis
|Ammo||250 (Vickers) + 2 drums of 47 or 97 rounds (Lewis)|
|Max Speed||200 km/h (124 mph) |
|Climb||2,000 m (6,500 ft) in 6:00|
3,000 m (10,000 ft) in 11:30
4,600 m (15,000 ft) in 25:00 
|Ceiling||5,300 m (17,300 ft) |
The RNAS Sopwith 2F1 "Ship's Camel" was successful not only in destroying German Zeppelins [note 1], from the carrier Furious it formed the first aircraft carrier strike against German airship hangars. After the war, it served in the Russian Civil War and in the Baltic states.
It differed from the standard F1 Camel in being armed with a single synchronized Vickers gun as well as a Lewis on the Admiralty Top Plane Mounting, which allowed the gun to pivot both for reloading and for firing at an upward angle. The rear fuselage was separable for stowage and was filled with flotation bags; the wingspan was somewhat reduced; and the center struts were steel rather than wood. Deliveries started in Nov, 1917, and they operated from battleships, cruisers, and early aircraft carriers.
For more information, see Wikipedia:Sopwith Camel.
|Maneuver||Damage||Dmg Points||Max Alt.||Climb|
Miniatures and Models
- Shapeways: Reduced Aircraft Factory
Isometric Top Views
- Including Zeppelin L53
- Bruce'87, p.1.
- Lamberton, pp.214-215.
- Kelly, p.230.
- Bruce'69, p.563.
- Bruce'87, p.21.
- J.M. Bruce. British Aeroplanes 1914-18. Great Britain: Funk & Wagnalls, 1957, 1969. ISBN 0370000382
- J.M. Bruce, Windsock Datafile 6: Sopwith 2F1 Camel. Great Britain, Albatros Publications, Ltd., 1987. ISBN 0-948414-04-9
- Kevin Kelly, "Belts and Drums: A Survey of First World War Aircraft Ammunition Totals". Over the Front, Vol. 5, No. 3, Autumn 1990. Walsworth Publishing Co, Inc. and The League of World War I Aviation Historians.
- W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1960.