From Wings of Linen

T.O.M (Tommy) Sopwith founded the Sopwith Aviation Company in 1912. Several highly successful pre-war planes were followed up with a long series of successes, including the famous Camel.[1]

Production aircraft from the Great War or shortly thereafter include:


  1. A pair of 100hp Anzani-engined Sopwith floatplanes were on hand with the RNAS at the war's start.[2]
  2. The Sopwith 151 was a racing seaplane with a 100hp Green engine, claimed by the Admiralty when the war began.[2]
  3. The Sopwith Bee was a one-off aerobatic biplane built for Harry Hawker.[3]
  4. The Sopwith Bulldog was a two-seat fighter-reconnaissance plane that did not go into production.[4]
  5. Though only two B.1s were built, one of the prototypes was used operationally with the RNAS.[5]
  6. The Rhino was a 1917 day-bomber design. Its performance was mediocre and it did not go into production.[6]
  7. The Scooter was a 1918 monoplane with the wings mounted near the top of the fuselage. It did not go into production.[7]
  8. The Swallow was derived from the Scooter, with the wing mounted in a parasol position. It too did not go into production.[7]
  1. Bruce, p.515
  2. 2.0 2.1 Nowarra, p.92.
  3. Bruce, p.569.
  4. Bruce, p.614.
  5. Lamberton, p.63.
  6. Bruce, p.617.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Bruce, p.627.
  • J.M. Bruce. British Aeroplanes 1914-18. Great Britain: Funk & Wagnalls, 1957, 1969. ISBN 0370000382
  • W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Reconnaissance & Bomber Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Ltd., 1962. ISBN 9780900435027
  • Heinz J. Nowarra, Bruce Robertson, and Peter G. Cooksley. Marine Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Letchworth, Herts, England: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1966. ISBN 0900435070