SPAD 13

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SPAD 13
SPAD S.XIII Front.jpg
Role Fighter
Manufacturer S.P.A.D.
Designer Louis Béchereau [1]
First flight April 1917[1]
Introduction May 1917
Primary users Roundel of the French Air Force before 1945.svg France
US Army Air Roundel.svg U.S.A.
ItalianRoundelGreen.png Italy
RAF Type A Roundel.svg U.K. (RFC/RAF)
Roundel of Belgium.svg Belgium
Number built 8472[2][1][3] in France
Wingspan Rounded tips: 8.25 m (27 ft 1 in) [4][5][6]
Squared tips: 8.08 m (26 ft 6 in)[6]
Engine 200-220hp Hispano-Suiza 8B or
235hp Hispano-Suiza 8BEc[3]
Armament 2×sync. Vickers[note 1]
Ammo 840 rounds[7] [note 2]
Crew 1
Max Speed see table
Climb see table
Service Ceiling 6,650 m (21,800 ft)[8][5]
Ceiling 6,800 m (22,300 ft)[6][4]
Range 320–400 km (200–250 mi)[3]
Endurance see table

It was originally hoped that the twin-gunned SPAD 13 (aka "SPAD XIII C.1") would replace the SPAD 7 in mid 1917, but troubles with the geared Hispano-Suiza engine slowed production output and only 131 had been delivered by December 1917.[2] All of the early models had rounded wing tips, but by spring of 1918 the wing tips were squared off for better maneuverability.

Production eventually picked up, and total SPAD 13 production numbers are over 8,400 aircraft. It was used by France, equipping 90 fighter escadrilles and 30-40 army cooperation escadrilles. It was used by roughly 11[9] to 20 Italian Squadriglias, Sq.23 RFC, and most American fighter squadrons. By the end of the war, most French and American fighter units were fully equipped with the SPAD 13.

EngineSpeedClimbEndurance
200hp Hispano-Suiza 8Ba,8Bb,8Bd 211 km/h (131 mph)[6][4] 1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 2:20[6]
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 5:17[6][4]
3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 8:45[6][4]
4,000 m (13,100 ft) in 13:05[6]
2:00 [6][8][4][5][3]
220hp Hispano-Suiza 8Bc, 8Be 215 km/h (134 mph)[3]-218 km/h (135 mph)[6] 1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 1:55[3]
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 4:40[6][3]
3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 7:50[3]
4,000 m (13,100 ft) in 12:10[3]
1:40[6]
235hp Hispano-Suiza 8BEc 222 km/h (138 mph)[3]

For more information, see Wikipedia:SPAD S.XIII.

Timeline [note 3] [note 4]

Game Data

Wings of Glory

Official Stats
Availability Maneuver Damage Dmg Points Max Alt. Climb Points
May17-end A A 16 15 2 85

Plane and Crew Cards

Card Links

Blue Max/Canvas Eagles

Aircraft Chart

Miniatures and Models

1:144 Scale

1:285/6mm/1:288 Scale

1:300 Scale

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Resources

Orthographic Drawings

References

Notes
  1. American planes were armed with twin Marlin machine guns increasingly through 1918.
  2. Some carried only 640 rounds.[7]
  3. Plane counts are approximate and based of escadrille usage in Davilla'97.
  4. British usage numbers are approximate, derived from the squadron histories.[10]
Citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Angelucci, p.55.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Davilla, p.501
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 Andrews, p.12.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Lamberton, pp.216-217.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Angelucci, p.44.
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 Davilla, p.509.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Kelly, p.230.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Munson, p.47.
  9. Andrews'66, p.10.
  10. Philpott'13, pp.379-444.
Bibliography
  • C.F. Andrews, Profile Publications 17: The SPAD XIII C.1. Great Britain: Profile Publications, Ltd., 1965.
  • Enzo Angelucci, ed. The Rand McNally Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, 1914-1980. New York: The Military Press, 1983 edition. ISBN 0-517-41021-4.
  • Dr. James J. Davilla and Arthur M. Soltan. French Aircraft of the First World War. Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0.
  • Kevin Kelly, "Belts and Drums: A Survey of First World War Aircraft Ammunition Totals". Over the Front, Vol. 5, No. 3, Autumn 1990. Walsworth Publishing Co, Inc. and The League of World War I Aviation Historians.
  • W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1960.
  • Kenneth Munson, Fighters 1914-19, Attack and Training Aircraft. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1976. ISBN 0713707607
  • Ian Philpott, The Birth of the Royal Air Force. Great Britain: Pen & Sword Books Limited, 2013. ISBN 978-1-78159-333-2