|First flight||Dec 1916 |
|Primary users|| France|
|Number built||≤300 |
|Developed from||SPAD 7|
|Wingspan||7.98 m (26 ft 2 in) -8.18 m (26 ft 10 in)|
|Engine||220hp Hispano-Suiza 8Cb|
|Armament||37mm S.A.M.C. cannon and|
fixed sync. Vickers
|Max Speed||201 km/h (125 mph)-203 km/h (126 mph)-206 km/h (128 mph)|
|Climb||2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 6:03|
3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 10:02
|Ceiling||5,500 m (18,000 ft) 6,000 m (19,680 ft) to 6,850 m (22,500 ft) |
While the SPAD 7's opponents like the Albatros D.III sported two machine guns, the SPAD 7 had only one. Georges Guynemer proposed that SPAD add a cannon to the SPAD 7 firing through the propeller hub, and the result was the SPAD 12. The cannon, with twelve rounds of ammunition, was difficult to use and took a skilled pilot to bring it to bear.
Though three hundred were initially ordered, it seems only a dozen or two were completed, and they were parceled out in ones and twos to the best pilots of fighter escadrilles. At least six were sent to Russia, where they flew with the RKKVF in the 20's. 
Like the SPAD 13, models from 1917 had rounded wingtips. Later models used more squared-off wingtops for improved maneuverability, and in the interim there was an upgrade kit available to convert from round to squared-off.
For more information, see Wikipedia:SPAD S.XII.
|Availability||Maneuver||Damage||Dmg Points||Max Alt.||Climb|
Miniatures and Models
- Shapeways: Reduced Aircraft Factory
- Davilla, p.500.
- Lamberton, pp.216-217.
- Ferry'14, p.147.
- Ferry'14, p.146.
- Dr. James J. Davilla and Arthur M. Soltan. French Aircraft of the First World War. Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0.
- Vital Ferry. French Aviation During the First World War. Paris: Histoire and Collections, 2014. ISBN 978-2-35250-370-5
- W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1960.