From Wings of Linen

Société Anonyme pour l'Aviation et ses Derives (SPAD) of Paris was born out of the ashes of Deperdussin. Their first designs were unusual fighters with a pulpit in front of a tractor propeller, but their later two seaters were more conventional, and their fighters were some of the best designs of the war.[1]

Aircraft from the Great War or shortly thereafter include:


  1. The SPAD 15 was a prototype using the same 160hp Gnome 9Nc as the Nieuport 28. It was not selected for production.[2]
  2. The SPAD 18 was a single seater with a cannon, like the SPAD 12, but it was not developed. The airframe was reused in the SPAD 20 design.[3]
  3. The SPAD 19 was apparently a two-seater prototype, but little else is known about the type.[3]
  4. The SPAD 21 was a follow-on to the SPAD 17 with a 300hp Hispano-Suiza 8Fb engine. It was too late to consider for production.[4]
  5. The SPAD 22 was a SPAD 17 derivative with swept wings on top and reverse-swept wings on the bottom. Only the prototype was built.[5]
  6. The SPAD 23 was a turbocharged single-seat fighter that may have never been completed.[6]
  7. The SPAD 24 was a SPAD 14 with conventional undercarriage, for use in flying off battleship turrets. Only the prototype was built.[6]
  1. Davilla, p.474
  2. Davilla, p.514.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Davilla, p.523.
  4. Davilla, p.526.
  5. Davilla, p.527.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Davilla, p.528.
  • Dr. James J. Davilla and Arthur M. Soltan. French Aircraft of the First World War. Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0.