|First flight||early 1915 |
|Introduction||April 1915 |
|Primary users|| France|
|Number built||?, 700 in Russia|
|Wingspan||7.87 m (25 ft 10 in) - 7.90 m (25 ft 11 in) |
|Engine||80hp Le Rhône 9J rotary or other|
|Armament||front top-wing Lewis or|
rear flexible Lewis
|Max Speed||115 km/h (71 mph) - 140 km/h (87 mph)[note 1]|
|Climb||1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 6:00|
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 6:00 or 13:00 or 16:00 or 17:00
3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 28:00
|Ceiling||3,800 m (12,500 ft)|
|Range||250 km (160 mi)|
The Nieuport 10 set design trends that would influence the next several years of Nieuport design as well as enemy planes, chiefly by the use of the 1-½ "sesquiplane" layout with a reduced-profile lower wing and vee-struts, which gave it excellent downward sight lines. One design decision that was not retained on later planes was a variable-incidence lower wing that could be modified depending on the plane's engine and load. Crew position varied -- on the type AV the pilot was forward, on the Type AR, in the rear, and the Nieuport 10 was also sometimes flown as a single-seater. As its career progressed the Nieuport 10 saw less use as a two-seat reconnaissance plane role (for which it was underpowered) and more as a single-seat fighter. Gradually over the course of 1915 the were replaced with the Nieuport 11 in the fighter role and Nieuport 12 for reconnaissance.
Nieuport 10s served briefly with Belgium in mid 1915. Italy used it as a fighter from mid 1915 through the end of 1916, when they began to be phased out for Nieuport 11s and 17s, though a few continued service through 1917. 240 were built by Nieuport-Macchi and probably 500 were acquired by Italy in total. 
Russia acquired a few from France before building their own in the Dux and Lebedev plants with various engines, where they were mostly used as single-seat fighters until 1917, when they transitioned to reconnaissance. They used the designation Nieuport 9 for the single-seat version with the front cockpit decked over, an upper-wing non-synchronized gun, and a pilot's headrest. About seven hundred 9's and 10's were built in Russia. 
The RNAS used thirty-six Nieuport 10s with Nos. 1, 3, and 4 Wings. 
For more information, see Wikipedia:Nieuport 10.
|Version||Availability||Maneuver||Damage||Dmg Points||Max Alt.||Climb|
Plane and Crew Cards
Miniatures and Models
- Davilla, p.355.
- Ferry'14, p.62.
- Lamberton'62, p.218-220.
- Lamberton'60, pp.216-217.
- Davilla, p.358.
- Durkota, p.358.
- Durkota, p.353.
- Philpott'13, pp.379-444.
- Dr. James J. Davilla and Arthur M. Soltan. French Aircraft of the First World War. Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0.
- Alan Durkota, Thomas Darcey, and Victor Kulikov. The Imperial Russian Air Service. Flying Machines Press, 1995. ISBN 0-9637110-2-4
- Vital Ferry. French Aviation During the First World War. Paris: Histoire and Collections, 2014. ISBN 978-2-35250-370-5
- W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1960.
- W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Reconnaissance & Bomber Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Ltd., 1962. ISBN 9780900435027
- Ian Philpott, The Birth of the Royal Air Force. Great Britain: Pen & Sword Books Limited, 2013. ISBN 978-1-78159-333-2