Nieuport 24

From Wings of Linen
Nieuport 24
Nieuport 24 with fancy paintjob.jpg
Role Fighter
Manufacturer Nieuport
Introduction June 1917 [1]
Primary users Roundel of the French Air Force before 1945.svg France
Imperial Russian Aviation Roundel.svg Russia
RAF type A roundel.svg U.K. (RFC/RAF)
Variants Nieuport 24bis, Nieuport 27
Wingspan 8.18 m (26 ft 10 in)-8.20 m (26 ft 11 in)[2][3]
Engine 120[2]-130hp Le Rhône 9Jb
Armament sync. fixed Vickers [note 1]
Crew 1
Max Speed 176 km/h (109 mph) [4]-180 km/h (110 mph)[2]-185 km/h (115 mph)[3]
Climb 1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 2:40[4]
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 5:40[4]
3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 9:25[4]
5,000 m (16,400 ft) in 21:30[2]
Ceiling 5,500 m (18,050 ft)[3] - 6,900 m (22,600 ft) [4]
Range 250 km (160 mi) [4]
Endurance 1:30[3] - 2:15[4]

By mid-1917, Nieuport fighters were seen as second-rate compared to the SPAD 7. The Nieuport 24 was an attempt to update the well-tried Nieuport 17 design. It featured the 130hp Le Rhône engine, all-new ply-covered tail surfaces, and a redesigned wing for better lift. (By May 1917 it had fully supplanted the Nieuport 17 and 24bis in the factories.[1]) It suffered from failures of the lower-wing attachments and Nieuport 24 pilots were warned against extreme aerobatics. It was preceded into service by the Nieuport 24bis, but standard Nieuport 24s reached the front lines in June 1917, and it served with at least forty-eight escadrilles. It was only partially successful in staving off SPAD dominance, though, as many Nieuport units re-equipped with SPADs in the latter months of 1917 and early 1918.

A small number were purchased by Russia in 1917 and they were gradually replaced by native-built the Nieuport 17bis. The RFC purchased some for evaluation, but deployment was delayed until their aerodynamics could be improved. RFC planes used a top-wing Lewis gun on a Foster Mount rather than a synchronized Vickers. They served with № 1, 29, and 40 squadrons and later in Palestine.[1]

For more information, see Wikipedia:Nieuport 24.

Timeline [note 2] [note 3] [note 4]

Game Data

Wings of Glory

Unofficial Stats
Version Availability Maneuver Damage Dmg Points Max Alt. Climb
Vickers or Lewis 16Q4-17Q4 F B 13 12 3
Vickers+Lewis F A 13 12 3

Plane and Crew Cards

Card Links

Blue Max/Canvas Eagles

Aircraft Chart

Miniatures and Models

1:144 Scale

1:285/6mm/1:288 Scale

1:350 Scale

Resources

Orthographic Top Views

References

Notes
  1. Some planes had an additional top-wing Lewis. The RFC used Nieuport 24s with only a top-wing, Foster-mounted Lewis.[1]
  2. British usage numbers are approximate, derived from the squadron histories.[5]
  3. Plane counts are approximate and based of escadrille usage in Davilla'97.
  4. French numbers -- combined Nieuport 23 and 24 usage.
Citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Davilla'97, p.392.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Ferry'14, p.66.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Argus Vol. 2, p.45.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Davilla, p.398.
  5. Philpott'13, pp.379-444.
Bibliography
  • Argus Books, Airplane Archive: Aircraft of World War One, Volume 2. Great Britain: Argus Books, 1989. ISBN 0-85242-984-3
  • Dr. James J. Davilla and Arthur M. Soltan. French Aircraft of the First World War. Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0.
  • Vital Ferry. French Aviation During the First World War. Paris: Histoire and Collections, 2014. ISBN 978-2-35250-370-5
  • Ian Philpott, The Birth of the Royal Air Force. Great Britain: Pen & Sword Books Limited, 2013. ISBN 978-1-78159-333-2