|Primary users|| France|
|Developed from||Nieuport 17|
|Wingspan||8.18 m (26 ft 10 in) |
|Engine||120hp Le Rhône 9Jb rotary|
|Armament||sync. Vickers and/or top-wing Lewis|
|Max Speed||150 km/h (93 mph) -180 km/h (110 mph)[note 1]|
|Climb||2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 8:27 [note 2]|
|Ceiling||6,500 m (21,300 ft) |
|Range||250 km (160 mi)|
The change of the Nieuport 17's Alkan-Hamy synchronizing gear to a newer synchronizer necessitated offsetting the Vickers gun to the starboard, and a new 120hp Le Rhône 9Jb was frequently fitted, resulting in the Nieuport 23. It was introduced in the spring of 1917. The wings and fuselage were substantially the same as the Nieuport 17, although in autumn of 1917 Aviation Militaire 23's had their lower wings replaced with those from the Nieuport 24, which had a stronger fitting of wing to fuselage.
A good guess is that 150 Nieuport 23's served with the French (because that is how many replacement wings were ordered), but Russia also purchased or built at least 70, Switzerland 5, and the UK about eighty, where they served alongside Nieuport 17s. Like the Nie.17, RFC Nieuports 23s would have had their Vickers removed and replaced with a top-wing Lewis on a Foster mount, making them almost indistinguishable from a Nieuport 17.
For more information, see Wikipedia:Nieuport 23.
|Version||Maneuver||Damage||Dmg Points||Max Alt.||Climb||Points|
Plane and Crew Cards
Miniatures and Models
A Nieuport 17 makes a fine substitute.
- Full-Color Miniatures:
- Wings of War: Kibanov
- Shapeways Full Color: Reduced Aircraft Factory: Sykhin (N3371), Thieffry
- Shapeways Paintable: ReducedAircraftFactory
- Resin Kit: Sram 144/077 (company defunct)
- Shapeways: ReducedAircraftFactory
- Dux-built N23 with 120hp Le Rhône: 168 km/h (104 mph).
- Dux-built N23: 1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 2:42, 2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 5:48, 3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 9:42.
- British usage numbers are approximate, derived from the squadron histories.
- Plane counts are approximate and based of escadrille usage in Davilla'97.
- French usage shows combined Nieuport 23 and 24.
- Davilla, p.390.
- Lamberton, pp.216-217.
- Davilla, p.391.
- Durkota, p.358.
- Philpott'13, pp.379-444.
- Dr. James J. Davilla and Arthur M. Soltan. French Aircraft of the First World War. Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0.
- Alan Durkota, Thomas Darcey, and Victor Kulikov. The Imperial Russian Air Service. Flying Machines Press, 1995. ISBN 0-9637110-2-4
- W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1960.
- Ian Philpott, The Birth of the Royal Air Force. Great Britain: Pen & Sword Books Limited, 2013. ISBN 978-1-78159-333-2