Nieuport 16

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Nieuport 16
Nieuport w Le Prieur rockets.jpg
Role Fighter
Manufacturer Nieuport
Introduction May 1916 [1]
Primary users Roundel of the French Air Force before 1945.svg France
RAF Type A Roundel.svg U.K. (RFC/RAF)
Imperial Russian Aviation Roundel.svg Russia
Developed from Nieuport 11
Wingspan 7.47 m (24 ft 6 in) [2]
Engine 110hp Le Rhône 9J rotary
Armament top-wing or sync. Lewis
Ammo 4-6 drums of 47 or 97 rounds[3]
Crew 1
Max Speed 165 km/h (103 mph)[4][5][2]
Climb 2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 5:50[4]
3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 10:10 [4][note 1]
Ceiling 4,800 m (15,700 ft) [4][5]
Endurance 2:00 [4][5]

As the 110hp Le Rhône 9J rotary engine became more available, it seemed a natural fit to replace the 80hp Le Rhône in the highly-successful Nieuport 11. The result was the Nieuport 16, which was otherwise similar to the Nieuport 11 except for a revised engine cowl and a headrest for the pilot. By early summer 1916, the N16 started to trickle into the escadrilles, where they served alongside Nieuport 11s. By late 1916 most escadrilles had started to replace their N11s and N16s with the new Nieuport 17.

The RNAS purchased a couple dozen of them but they were transferred to the RFC, where they were greatly preferred to the D.H.2. Some were fitted with synchronizer gear and the Lewis gun was moved to the top deck.[6]

Dux built Nieuport 16s for Russia.[7]

For more information, see Wikipedia:Nieuport 16.

Timeline [note 2] [note 3]

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A Nieuport 11 makes a fine substitute.

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Notes
  1. For Russian planes, Durkota gives 1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 2:48, 2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 6:24, 3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 10:00, 4,000 m (13,100 ft) in 16:30.[5]
  2. Plane counts are approximate and based of escadrille usage in Davilla'97.
  3. British usage numbers are approximate, derived from the squadron histories.[8]
  4. 4.0 4.1 Updated card
Citations
  1. Davilla, p.377.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Lamberton, pp.216-217.
  3. Kelly, p.230.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Davilla, p.378.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Durkota, p.358.
  6. Davilla, p.377.
  7. Durkota, p.353.
  8. Philpott'13, pp.379-444.
Bibliography
  • Dr. James J. Davilla and Arthur M. Soltan. French Aircraft of the First World War. Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0.
  • Alan Durkota, Thomas Darcey, and Victor Kulikov. The Imperial Russian Air Service. Flying Machines Press, 1995. ISBN 0-9637110-2-4
  • Kevin Kelly, "Belts and Drums: A Survey of First World War Aircraft Ammunition Totals". Over the Front, Vol. 5, No. 3, Autumn 1990. Walsworth Publishing Co, Inc. and The League of World War I Aviation Historians.
  • W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1960.
  • Ian Philpott, The Birth of the Royal Air Force. Great Britain: Pen & Sword Books Limited, 2013. ISBN 978-1-78159-333-2