Morane-Saulnier Type LA

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Morane-Saulnier LA
Role Fighter
Manufacturer Morane-Saulnier
First flight late 1914 [1]
Introduction summer 1915 [1]
Primary users Roundel of the French Air Force before 1945.svg France
RAF Type A Roundel.svg U.K. (RFC/RAF)
Number built unknown, but 24 for RFC[2]
Wingspan 10.3 m (33 ft 9 in) [3]
Engine 80hp Le Rhône 9J rotary
Armament rear flexible Lewis or
fixed MG with deflector plates
Crew 1-2
Max Speed 121 km/h (75 mph)[3] - 135 km/h (84 mph)[4]
Climb 1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 6:10[4]
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 14:00[3]-15:25[4]
3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 29:25[4]
Endurance 2:30 [4][3]

The Morane-Saulnier Type LA was a Type L fitted with redesigned wings with ailerons and a faired fuselage of circular cross-section. Like the Type L, it was usually flown with a rear, flexible Lewis gun for the observer, but at least one was fitted with propeller bullet deflectors for a front-firing, fighter-style gun.

It came into service in the summer of 1915, but its career was fairly brief because it was replaced by the superior Nieuport 10 and Nieuport 11 which were just coming into service in the autumn.

British Type LAs were in service from late 1915, frequently replacing older Type L's, until they could be replaced with Type Ps in early 1917. [1]

For more information, see Wikipedia:Morane-Saulnier L.

Timeline [note 1]


  1. British usage numbers are approximate, derived from the squadron histories.[5]
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Davilla, p.316.
  2. Lamberton, p.76.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Lamberton, p.218-220.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Davilla, p.318.
  5. Philpott'13, pp.379-444.
  • Dr. James J. Davilla and Arthur M. Soltan. French Aircraft of the First World War. Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0.
  • W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Reconnaissance & Bomber Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Ltd., 1962. ISBN 9780900435027
  • Ian Philpott, The Birth of the Royal Air Force. Great Britain: Pen & Sword Books Limited, 2013. ISBN 978-1-78159-333-2