Morane-Saulnier Type L

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Morane-Saulnier L
Morane-Saulnier L in RFC markings.jpg
Role Reconnaissance/Fighter
Manufacturer Morane-Saulnier
First flight 1913 [1]
Introduction Aug 1914 [2]
Primary users Roundel of the French Air Force before 1945.svg France
Imperial Russian Aviation Roundel.svg Russia
RAF Type A Roundel.svg U.K. (RFC/RAF)
RAF Type A Roundel.svg U.K. (RNAS)
Number built 600[3][1] to 1105[4]
Variants Morane-Saulnier Type LA
Wingspan 10.3 m (33 ft 9 in) [5][6] to 11.2 m (36 ft 9 in)[7]
Engine 80hp Le Rhône 9C rotary
Armament flexible Lewis or
8mm fixed Hotchkiss or
none
Crew 1-2
Max Speed 115 km/h (71 mph)[8][5][6][7] to 125 km/h (78 mph)[9][10]
Climb 1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 8:00
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 18:30[9] or 14:00[11][note 1]
Ceiling 3,500 m (11,500 ft)[10][5][6] to 4,000 m (13,100 ft)[8][7]
Range 450 km (280 mi)[8]
Endurance 2:30[10][11][7] to 4:00 [9][5]

The Morane-Saulnier Type L was a refinement of the pre-war Type G in a parasol configuration, with lateral control via wing-warping from a central pylon. The parasol wing gave excellent fields of view to both pilot and observer, and approximately 600 were produced in France, with another 430 produced in Russia. Fifty were obtained by the RFC and were used by Sqd 1 & 3, and another 25 went to the RNAS. They served in France until replaced by Nieuport 10's in autumn 1915, and they served in Russia through mid-1917.

The Type L's real claim to fame was to be the first plane with a machine gun firing forward through the propeller, which it did not with a synchronizer but with deflector plates on the propeller, and Roland Garros' famous early victories were in a plane of this type (as well as some other aces such as Navarre and Guynemer).

The V.V. Slyusarenko Aviation Company of Petrograd produced twenty-five Mos.L's for Russia.[12]

For more information, see Wikipedia:Morane-Saulnier L.

Timeline [note 2] [note 3]

Game Data

Wings of Glory

Unofficial Stats
Version Availability Maneuver Damage Dmg Points Max Alt. Climb
two-seat, rear gun 14Q3-17Q2 XC -/B 10 9 7
two-seat, unarmed XC none 10 9 7
single-seat XC B 10 9 7

Plane and Crew Cards

Card Links

Blue Max/Canvas Eagles

Miniatures and Models

1:144 Scale

1:285/6mm/1:288 Scale

1:300 Scale

Resources

Orthographic Drawings

References

Notes
  1. Dux-built L: 1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 6min, 2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 15, 3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 33.[10]
  2. Plane counts are approximate and based of escadrille usage in Davilla'97.
  3. British usage numbers are approximate, derived from the squadron histories.[13]
Citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 Angelucci, p.52.
  2. Davilla, p.314.
  3. Lamberton'62, p.74.
  4. Davilla, p.314.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Lamberton'62, p.218-220.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Lamberton'60, pp.216-217.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Angelucci, p.40.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Munson, p.79.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Davilla, p.318.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Durkota, p.358.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Bruce, p.28.
  12. Durkota, p.332.
  13. Philpott'13, pp.379-444.
Bibliography
  • Enzo Angelucci, ed. The Rand McNally Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, 1914-1980. New York: The Military Press, 1983 edition. ISBN 0-517-41021-4.
  • J.M. Bruce, Windsock Datafile 16: Morane Saulnier Type L. Great Britain: Albatros Publications, Ltd., 1989. ISBN 0-948414-20-0
  • Dr. James J. Davilla and Arthur M. Soltan. French Aircraft of the First World War. Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0.
  • Alan Durkota, Thomas Darcey, and Victor Kulikov. The Imperial Russian Air Service. Flying Machines Press, 1995. ISBN 0-9637110-2-4
  • W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1960.
  • W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Reconnaissance & Bomber Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Ltd., 1962. ISBN 9780900435027
  • Kenneth Munson, Fighters 1914-19, Attack and Training Aircraft. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1976. ISBN 0713707607