Morane-Saulnier Type P

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Morane-Saulnier P
Morane-Saulnier P French First World War reconnaissance aircraft in RFC markings.jpg
Role Fighter
Manufacturer Morane-Saulnier
First flight 31 Mar 1916 [1]
Primary users Roundel of the French Air Force before 1945.svg France
RAF Type A Roundel.svg U.K. (RFC/RAF)
Imperial Russian Aviation Roundel.svg Russia
Number built 565 [1][2]
Wingspan 11.2 m (36 ft 9 in) [3]
Engine 110hp Le Rhône 9Jb rotary or
80hp Le Rhône 9J rotary
Armament top-wing Vickers or Lewis or sync. Vickers[note 1]
rear flexible Lewis or Vickers[4]
Crew 1-2
Max Speed 162 km/h (101 mph)[5]
Climb 2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 8:45[5][3]
3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 15:50 [5][3]
Ceiling 4,800 m (15,700 ft)[5][3][note 2]
Range 375 km (230 mi)[5][3]
Endurance 2:30[3] - 4:00 [5]

The Morane-Saulnier Type L and LA were starting to get a bit old by autumn 1915, so a revamped version was brought out in the form of the Morane-Saulnier Type P. It retained the faired, round cross-section of the Type LA but improved the engine to 110hp. A synchronized Vickers was frequently mounted on the top wing and a flexible rear Lewis was used by the observer. The military designation was the MoS.21.

Its service with Aviation Militaire was fairly brief, and by autumn of 1917 they were largely replaced by an improved version, the MoS.26. The MoS.26 featured a strengthened fuselage, full cowl, and (on French planes) a synchronized Vickers gun.[4]

The RFC ordered Type Ps starting in autumn 1916, many including a Lewis gun firing over the propeller. Due to a shortage of engines, 80hp Le Rhônes were frequently substituted. In all, 106 Type Ps were ordered for Britain, with a mix of MoS.21's and MoS.26's.

A handful were acquired by Russia, but they were not well-liked.

For more information, see Wikipedia:Morane-Saulnier P.

Timeline [note 3]

Game Data

Wings of Glory

Unofficial Stats
Version Availability Maneuver Damage Dmg Points Max Alt. Climb
Two-gun 16Q1-17Q1 Y B/B 10 11 5
Rear gun only Y -/B 10 11 5

Plane and Crew Cards

Card Links

Miniatures and Models

1:144 Scale

1:200 Scale

1:285/6mm/1:288 Scale

1:350 Scale

Resources

Orthographic Drawings

References

Notes
  1. Or no forward gun. Synchronized Vickers were fitted to French MoS.26 models.[4]
  2. 3,700 m (12,000 ft) ceiling with 80hp engine[3]
  3. British usage numbers are approximate, derived from the squadron histories.[6]
Citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 Davilla, p.323.
  2. Angelucci, p.52.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Lamberton, p.218-220.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Davilla, p.324.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Davilla, p.326.
  6. Philpott'13, pp.379-444.
Bibliography
  • Enzo Angelucci, ed. The Rand McNally Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, 1914-1980. New York: The Military Press, 1983 edition. ISBN 0-517-41021-4.
  • Dr. James J. Davilla and Arthur M. Soltan. French Aircraft of the First World War. Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0.
  • W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Reconnaissance & Bomber Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Ltd., 1962. ISBN 9780900435027