Morane-Saulnier Type L
|First flight||1913 |
|Introduction||Aug 1914 |
|Primary users|| France|
|Number built||600 to 1105|
|Variants||Morane-Saulnier Type LA|
|Wingspan||10.3 m (33 ft 9 in)  to 11.2 m (36 ft 9 in)|
|Engine||80hp Le Rhône 9C rotary|
|Armament||flexible Lewis or|
8mm fixed Hotchkiss or
|Max Speed||115 km/h (71 mph) to 125 km/h (78 mph)|
|Climb||1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 8:00|
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 18:30 or 14:00[note 1]
|Ceiling||3,500 m (11,500 ft) to 4,000 m (13,100 ft)|
|Range||450 km (280 mi)|
|Endurance||2:30 to 4:00 |
The Morane-Saulnier Type L was a refinement of the pre-war Type G in a parasol configuration, with lateral control via wing-warping from a central pylon. The parasol wing gave excellent fields of view to both pilot and observer, and approximately 600 were produced in France, with another 430 produced in Russia. Fifty were obtained by the RFC and were used by Sqd 1 & 3, and another 25 went to the RNAS. They served in France until replaced by Nieuport 10's in autumn 1915, and they served in Russia through mid-1917.
The Type L's real claim to fame was to be the first plane with a machine gun firing forward through the propeller, which it did not with a synchronizer but with deflector plates on the propeller, and Roland Garros' famous early victories were in a plane of this type (as well as some other aces such as Navarre and Guynemer).
The V.V. Slyusarenko Aviation Company of Petrograd produced twenty-five Mos.L's for Russia.
For more information, see Wikipedia:Morane-Saulnier L.
|Version||Availability||Maneuver||Damage||Dmg Points||Max Alt.||Climb|
|two-seat, rear gun||14Q3-17Q2||XC||-/B||10||9||7|
Plane and Crew Cards
Miniatures and Models
- Shapeways: Kampfflieger
- Angelucci, p.52.
- Davilla, p.314.
- Lamberton'62, p.74.
- Davilla, p.314.
- Lamberton'62, p.218-220.
- Lamberton'60, pp.216-217.
- Angelucci, p.40.
- Munson, p.79.
- Davilla, p.318.
- Durkota, p.358.
- Bruce, p.28.
- Durkota, p.332.
- Philpott'13, pp.379-444.
- Enzo Angelucci, ed. The Rand McNally Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, 1914-1980. New York: The Military Press, 1983 edition. ISBN 0-517-41021-4.
- J.M. Bruce, Windsock Datafile 16: Morane Saulnier Type L. Great Britain: Albatros Publications, Ltd., 1989. ISBN 0-948414-20-0
- Dr. James J. Davilla and Arthur M. Soltan. French Aircraft of the First World War. Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0.
- Alan Durkota, Thomas Darcey, and Victor Kulikov. The Imperial Russian Air Service. Flying Machines Press, 1995. ISBN 0-9637110-2-4
- W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1960.
- W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Reconnaissance & Bomber Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Ltd., 1962. ISBN 9780900435027
- Kenneth Munson, Fighters 1914-19, Attack and Training Aircraft. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1976. ISBN 0713707607