From Wings of Linen

Lohnerwerke GmbH, Vienna, began in 1821 by building autos and fire trucks as Jacob Lohner & Co., but by 1910 they had branched into building Taubes and Pfeilflieger (arrow fliers), a design with strongly swept wings. Led by Dipl. Ing. Ludwig Lohner, the company assigned sales rights to Motoren-Luftfahrzeug-Gesellschaft mbH (MLG), led by entrepreneur Camillo Castiglioni, who redirected Austro-Hungarian builds into his subsidiaries of Hansa-Brandenburg and UFAG.[1]

The bulk of Lohner's army contributions were of the Pfeilflieger type, though they also built several seaplanes and Knoller and Aviatik licensed types.[2]

Production aircraft from the Great War or shortly thereafter include:


  1. 'Type T' is the company designation; 'Type L' was the navy designation for both the 'T' and "Tl'.[3]
  2. Three Lohner Type P's were delivered in autumn 1914. They were similar to the Type M but they used a rotary engine.[4]
  3. The Type S was an Oberursel-engined trainer.[5] About 200 of them were built during the war.[6]
  1. Alegi'03, pp. 1-3.
  2. Grosz, p.37
  3. Alegi'03, p.4.
  4. Windsock v.25, no.1
  5. Nowarra, p.21.
  6. Munson, p.161.
  • Gregory Alegi, Windsock Datafile 99: Lohner TI/Macchi L1. Great Britain: Albatros Publications, Ltd., 2003. ISBN 1-902207-54-8
  • Peter M. Grosz, George Haddow, and Peter Schiemer. Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War One. Flying Machines Press, 1993. ISBN 0-9637110-0-8.
  • George Haddow, "George Haddow's guide to WWI Austro-Hungarian Naval Aeroplanes, No.17, Lohner Type P". Windsock Worldwide, Vol. 25, No. 1, Jan/Feb 2009, Albatros Publications, Ltd.
  • Kenneth Munson, Bombers: Patrol and Reconnaissance Aircraft, 1914-1919. New York: The MacMillan Company, 1968, Blandford Press Ltd. ISBN 978-0753721711
  • Heinz J. Nowarra, Bruce Robertson, and Peter G. Cooksley. Marine Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Letchworth, Herts, England: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1966. ISBN 0900435070