L.F.G. Roland D.I
|L.F.G. Roland D.I|
|First flight||July 1916 |
|Introduction||October 1916 |
|Number built||80 |
|Developed from||L.F.G. Roland C.II|
|Wingspan||8.9 m (29 ft 2 in) |
|Engine||100hp Mercedes D.I |
|Armament||1×fixed, sync. LMG08/15 |
|Max Speed||180 km/h (112 mph)|
|Climb||1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 4:00|
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 8:00
3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 13:30
The successful L.F.G. Roland C.II led the designer to think about fighter designs, and a slimmed-down version resulted in the LFG Roland D.I, nicknamed the Haifisch (Shark). Unlike the C.II, the upper wing was somewhat above the fuselage and joined to it by a fuselage extension, making forward vision problematic (the greatest detriment to this type).  It differed from the D.II mainly in having a smaller engine and ear radiators. Only small numbers were built. 
Production was spread between the parent company (with an initial order of sixty) and Pfalz (with a supplemental order of twenty). The poor visibility from the cockpit limited its deployment to a maximum of twelve in February 1917. By June 1917 all the D.Is had been lost, scrapped, or relegated to training schools, as it was no longer in front-line service.
For more information, see Wikipedia:LFG Roland D.I.
Timeline [note 1]
- German numbers are from bi-monthly Frontbestand records (Effective Frontline Strength).
- Gray, p.162.
- Grosz'94, p.2.
- Grosz'94, p.35.
- Gray, p.448.
- Grosz'85, p.60 and Grosz'86, p.66.
- Peter Gray and Owen Thetford. German Aircraft of the First World War. Great Britain, Putnam, 1962, 1987. ISBN 0-85177-809-7.
- Peter M. Grosz, "Archiv -- Frontbestand". WW1 Aero, № 107, Dec 1985 and № 108, Feb 1986. Poughkeepsie, NY: World War I Aeroplanes, Inc.
- P.M. Grosz, Windsock Datafile 47: LFG Roland D.II. Great Britain: Albatros Publications, Ltd., 1994. ISBN 0-948414-62-6