L.F.G. Roland D.I

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L.F.G. Roland D.I
Roland D.I 002.jpg
Role Fighter
Manufacturer L.F.G. Roland
Designer Tantzen [1]
First flight July 1916 [1]
Introduction October 1916 [2]
Primary user Cross-Pattee-alternate3.svg Germany
Number built 80 [2]
Developed from L.F.G. Roland C.II
Variants D.II, D.IIa
Wingspan 8.9 m (29 ft 2 in) [3]
Engine 100hp Mercedes D.I [4]
Armament 1×fixed, sync. LMG08/15 [4]
Max Speed 180 km/h (112 mph)[3]
Climb 1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 4:00[3]
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 8:00[3]
3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 13:30[3]

The successful L.F.G. Roland C.II led the designer to think about fighter designs, and a slimmed-down version resulted in the LFG Roland D.I, nicknamed the Haifisch (Shark). Unlike the C.II, the upper wing was somewhat above the fuselage and joined to it by a fuselage extension, making forward vision problematic (the greatest detriment to this type). [1] It differed from the D.II mainly in having a smaller engine and ear radiators. Only small numbers were built. [4]

Production was spread between the parent company (with an initial order of sixty) and Pfalz (with a supplemental order of twenty). The poor visibility from the cockpit limited its deployment to a maximum of twelve in February 1917. By June 1917 all the D.Is had been lost, scrapped, or relegated to training schools, as it was no longer in front-line service.[2]

For more information, see Wikipedia:LFG Roland D.I.

Timeline [note 1]

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  1. German numbers are from bi-monthly Frontbestand records (Effective Frontline Strength).[5]
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Gray, p.162.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Grosz'94, p.2.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Grosz'94, p.35.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Gray, p.448.
  5. Grosz'85, p.60 and Grosz'86, p.66.
  • Peter Gray and Owen Thetford. German Aircraft of the First World War. Great Britain, Putnam, 1962, 1987. ISBN 0-85177-809-7.
  • Peter M. Grosz, "Archiv -- Frontbestand". WW1 Aero, № 107, Dec 1985 and № 108, Feb 1986. Poughkeepsie, NY: World War I Aeroplanes, Inc.
  • P.M. Grosz, Windsock Datafile 47: LFG Roland D.II. Great Britain: Albatros Publications, Ltd., 1994. ISBN 0-948414-62-6