L.F.G. Roland D.I

From Wings of Linen
(Redirected from L.F.G. D.I)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
L.F.G. Roland D.I
Roland D.I 002.jpg
Role Fighter
Manufacturer L.F.G. Roland
Designer Tantzen [1]
First flight July 1916 [1]
Introduction October 1916 [2]
Primary user Cross-Pattee-alternate3.svg Germany
Number built 80 [2]
Developed from L.F.G. Roland C.II
Variants D.II, D.IIa
Wingspan 8.9 m (29 ft 2 in) [3]
Engine 100hp Mercedes D.I [4]
Armament 1×fixed, sync. LMG08/15 [4]
Max Speed 180 km/h (112 mph)[3]
Climb 1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 4:00[3]
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 8:00[3]
3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 13:30[3]

The successful L.F.G. Roland C.II led the designer to think about fighter designs, and a slimmed-down version resulted in the LFG Roland D.I, nicknamed the Haifisch (Shark). Unlike the C.II, the upper wing was somewhat above the fuselage and joined to it by a fuselage extension, making forward vision problematic (the greatest detriment to this type). [1] It differed from the D.II mainly in having a smaller engine and ear radiators. Only small numbers were built. [4]

Production was spread between the parent company (with an initial order of sixty) and Pfalz (with a supplemental order of twenty). The poor visibility from the cockpit limited its deployment to a maximum of twelve in February 1917. By June 1917 all the D.Is had been lost, scrapped, or relegated to training schools, as it was no longer in front-line service.[2]

For more information, see Wikipedia:LFG Roland D.I.

Timeline [note 1][edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. German numbers are from bi-monthly Frontbestand records (Effective Frontline Strength).[5]
Citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Gray, p.162.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Grosz'94, p.2.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Grosz'94, p.35.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Gray, p.448.
  5. Grosz'85, p.60 and Grosz'86, p.66.
Bibliography
  • Peter Gray and Owen Thetford. German Aircraft of the First World War. Great Britain, Putnam, 1962, 1987. ISBN 0-85177-809-7.
  • Peter M. Grosz, "Archiv -- Frontbestand". WW1 Aero, № 107, Dec 1985 and № 108, Feb 1986. Poughkeepsie, NY: World War I Aeroplanes, Inc.
  • P.M. Grosz, Windsock Datafile 47: LFG Roland D.II. Great Britain: Albatros Publications, Ltd., 1994. ISBN 0-948414-62-6