Hannover CL.II

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Hannover CL.II
Hannover clii.jpg
Role Escort/Ground Attack
Manufacturer Hannover
Designer Hermann Dorner [1]
Introduction autumn 1917
Primary user Cross-Pattee-alternate3.svg Germany
Number built 439 [1]
Wingspan 12.0 m (39 ft 4 in) [2]
Engine 180hp Argus As.III inline [1]
Armament fixed, sync. LMG08/15 and
flexible rear Parabellum
Crew 2
Max Speed 165 km/h (103 mph)[3][2]
Climb 1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 5:18[3]-6:01[2]
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 13:08[2]
3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 23:09[2]
Ceiling 24,600 ft (7,500 m) [3][2]
Endurance 3:00 [3]

When Hannover introduced their first native design in the Hannover CL.II, they had a winner on their hands. A compact, strong aircraft with a biplane tail, it was agile and fairly fast, serving the Schlachtstaffeln role perfectly. Together with the Halberstadt CL.II, the Hannover few in flights of four to six on both escort and close support missions.

The purpose of the biplane tale was to increase the observer's usable field of fire without reducing maneuverability.

After spring of 1918 the type was phased out in favor of the Hannover CL.III and IIIa.

For more information, see Wikipedia:Hannover CL.II.

Timeline [note 1]

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  1. German numbers are from bi-monthly Frontbestand records (Effective Frontline Strength).[4]
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Gray, p.150.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Lamberton, pp.218-219.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Gray, p.153.
  4. Grosz'85, p.60 and Grosz'86, p.66.
  • Peter Gray and Owen Thetford. German Aircraft of the First World War. Great Britain, Putnam, 1962, 1987. ISBN 0-85177-809-7.
  • Peter M. Grosz, "Archiv -- Frontbestand". WW1 Aero, № 107, Dec 1985 and № 108, Feb 1986. Poughkeepsie, NY: World War I Aeroplanes, Inc.
  • W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1960.