|Designer||Dimitry P. Grigorovich|
|Introduction||Summer 1916 |
|Number built||75  |
|Engine||110hp Le Rhône rotary|
|Armament||front flexible MG (2-seater) or|
fixed front MG
|Max Speed||148 km/h (92 mph) |
The small Grigorovich M.11 Flying Boat was designed as a small fighter, and it was first built in the summer of 1916. As a two-seater, it was found to be underpowered. The gunner was provided with a machine gun on a pivoting arm. The single-seater version had the gun fixed on the deck in front of the pilot and also fitted light armor to critical areas. One hundred M.11s were ordered but only seventy-five were delivered, and it was used on the Black Sea and the Baltic. 
In winter a ski undercarriage was deployed, allowing landing on frozen lakes and level fields.
For more information, see Wikipedia:Grigorovich M-11.
- Durkota, p.271.
- Durkota, p.279.
- Nowarra, p.140.
- Alan Durkota, Thomas Darcey, and Victor Kulikov. The Imperial Russian Air Service. Flying Machines Press, 1995. ISBN 0-9637110-2-4
- Heinz J. Nowarra, Bruce Robertson, and Peter G. Cooksley. Marine Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Letchworth, Herts, England: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1966. ISBN 0900435070