|Designer||Hans Burkhard |
|First flight||March 1916 |
|Introduction||Aug/Sep 1916 |
|Number built||10 |
|Wingspan||23.7 m (77 ft 10 in) |
|Engine||2×220hp Mercedes D.IV inlines|
|Armament||front flexible Parabellum and|
rear flexible Parabellum
450 kg (1,000 lb)-1,010 kg (2,200 lb) of bombs
|Max Speed||135 km/h (84 mph) - 140 km/h (90 mph) - 148 km/h (92 mph)|
|Climb||3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 28:00|
4,000 m (13,100 ft) in 41:00
The Gotha G.II set the design trend for all subsequent Gotha bombers, with twin engines and a crew of three, with one gunner forward and another aft. Its biggest limitation was the use of Mercedes D.IV engines, the bane of every twin-engine plane designed for its use, due to vibration problems. Staffel 20 of KG4 used eight of them operationally, but their missions were likely limited by engine failures. The Gotha G.III switched to the more reliable Mercedes D.IVa engines instead.
While the prototype was in testing, the small production run was under way, with the first plane being delivered in late April 1916. Further testing ensued and it wasn't until Sept-Oct 1916 that they became operational.
For more information, see Wikipedia:Gotha G.II.
Timeline [note 1]
- German numbers are from bi-monthly Frontbestand records (Effective Frontline Strength).
- Herris, p.106.
- Grosz'66, p.6.
- Lamberton, pp.222-223.
- Grosz'66, p.16.
- Gray, p.411.
- Grosz'66, pp.6-7.
- Grosz'85, p.60 and Grosz'86, p.66.
- Peter Gray and Owen Thetford. German Aircraft of the First World War. Great Britain, Putnam, 1962, 1987. ISBN 0-85177-809-7.
- Peter M. Grosz, "Archiv -- Frontbestand". WW1 Aero, № 107, Dec 1985 and № 108, Feb 1986. Poughkeepsie, NY: World War I Aeroplanes, Inc.
- Peter M. Grosz, Profile Publications 115: The Gotha GI-GV. Great Britain: Profile Publications, Ltd., 1966.
- Jack Herris, Gotha Aircraft of WWI. USA, Aeronaut Books, 2013. ISBN 978-1-935881-14-8
- W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Reconnaissance & Bomber Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Ltd., 1962. ISBN 9780900435027