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Gothaer Waggonfabrik A.G. (Gotha) built both twin-engine bombers and a series of seaplanes, as well as a small number of Tauben and unarmed biplanes.

Production aircraft from the Great War or shortly thereafter include:


  1. The war ended while the G.VIII/GL.VIII was still undergoing prototype evaluation.[1]
  2. Gotha's LD series was only built in small numbers. LD stands for Land Doppeldecker.
  3. Gotha built a single LD.1 in 1914 as a testing platform, leading to the LD series.[2]
  4. Gotha license-built a single Caudron G-type in 1913 as the LD.3. [3]
  5. The LD.4 was a 1914 LD.3 variant with side-by-side seating for the pilot and observer.[4]
  6. The single LD.5 biplane saw no production and spent its life as a trainer.[5]
  7. The Gotha LD.6 prototype crashed. An improved LD.6a failed to meet acceptance criteria and was used as a trainer.[6]
  8. Eight LE.1 Tauben were built as trainers in 1913.[7]
  9. A single LE.4 was built in 1914. It replaced the familiar, massive Taube tail with a more contemporary design.[8]
  10. W.D. likely stands for Wasser Doppeldecker, or 'Water Biplane'
  11. Only the prototype W.D.5 was built.[9]. It was sent to Turkey on 13 July 1916.[10]
  12. The W.D.6 was the company designation for thirty Brandenburg NW's built under license by Gotha, aka the "Brandenburg NW(Go)".[11]
  13. Only a single WD.8 was built in late 1915[12]. It was delivered in Feb 1916 to Zeebrügge, where it was found unsuitable, and it was shipped to Turkey on 21 Sep 1916.[13]
  14. The WD.9 was derived from the WD.5. It served at Zeebrügge from May to June 1916 before being sent to Turkey in Sept.[14] Nowarra hints that there may have been a small production order for use by Turkey.[12]
  15. The WD.10 was a project only.[12]. It was destroyed during testing in 1916.[15]
  16. The WD.15 was a single-seat seaplane fighter that did not go into production.[16]
  17. The WD.20 was a three-seat, twin engined long-range reconnaissance seaplane based on the WD.14. Only 1-3 were completed.[16]
  1. Herris, p.168.
  2. Herris, p.13.
  3. Herris, p.16.
  4. Herris, p.17.
  5. Herris, p.18.
  6. Herris, p.19.
  7. Herris, p.6.
  8. Herris, p.11.
  9. Nowarra, p.44.
  10. Herris, p.42.
  11. Herris, p.44.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Nowarra, p.46.
  13. Herris, p.48.
  14. Herris, p.51.
  15. Herris, p.54.
  16. 16.0 16.1 Nowarra, p.56.
  • Peter Gray and Owen Thetford. German Aircraft of the First World War. Great Britain, Putnam, 1962, 1987. ISBN 0-85177-809-7.
  • Jack Herris, Gotha Aircraft of WWI. USA, Aeronaut Books, 2013. ISBN 978-1-935881-14-8
  • Heinz J. Nowarra, Bruce Robertson, and Peter G. Cooksley. Marine Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Letchworth, Herts, England: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1966. ISBN 0900435070