From Wings of Linen

Gothaer Waggonfabrik A.G. (Gotha) built both twin-engine bombers and a series of seaplanes, as well as a small number of Tauben and unarmed biplanes.

Production aircraft from the Great War or shortly thereafter include:


  1. The G.VI was an asymmetric plane with a small nacelle containing the gunner and a pusher engine. Three were built but after a crash the type was not developed.[1]
  2. The war ended while the G.VIII/GL.VIII was still undergoing prototype evaluation.[2]
  3. Three GL.X prototypes, powered by BMWIII.a engines, were ordered in August 1918. At least one was completed.[3]
  4. Gotha's LD series was only built in small numbers. LD stands for Land Doppeldecker.
  5. Gotha built a single LD.1 in 1914 as a testing platform, leading to the LD series.[4]
  6. Gotha license-built a single Caudron G-type in 1913 as the LD.3. [5]
  7. The LD.4 was a 1914 LD.3 variant with side-by-side seating for the pilot and observer.[6]
  8. The single LD.5 biplane saw no production and spent its life as a trainer.[7]
  9. The Gotha LD.6 prototype crashed. An improved LD.6a failed to meet acceptance criteria and was used as a trainer.[8]
  10. Eight LE.1 Tauben were built as trainers in 1913.[9]
  11. A single LE.4 was built in 1914. It replaced the familiar, massive Taube tail with a more contemporary design.[10]
  12. W.D. likely stands for Wasser Doppeldecker, or 'Water Biplane'
  13. Only the prototype W.D.5 was built.[11]. It was sent to Turkey on 13 July 1916.[12]
  14. The W.D.6 was the company designation for thirty Brandenburg NW's built under license by Gotha, aka the "Brandenburg NW(Go)".[13]
  15. Only a single WD.8 was built in late 1915[14]. It was delivered in Feb 1916 to Zeebrügge, where it was found unsuitable, and it was shipped to Turkey on 21 Sep 1916.[15]
  16. The WD.9 was derived from the WD.5. It served at Zeebrügge from May to June 1916 before being sent to Turkey in Sept.[16] Nowarra hints that there may have been a small production order for use by Turkey.[14]
  17. The WD.10 was a project only.[14]. It was destroyed during testing in 1916.[17]
  18. The WD.15 was a single-seat seaplane fighter that did not go into production.[18]
  19. The WD.20 was a three-seat, twin engined long-range reconnaissance seaplane based on the WD.14. Only 1-3 were completed.[18]
  1. Herris'14, p.142.
  2. Herris'13, p.168.
  3. Herris'14, p.157.
  4. Herris'13, p.13.
  5. Herris'13, p.16.
  6. Herris'13, p.17.
  7. Herris'13, p.18.
  8. Herris'13, p.19.
  9. Herris'13, p.6.
  10. Herris'13, p.11.
  11. Nowarra, p.44.
  12. Herris'13, p.42.
  13. Herris'13, p.44.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Nowarra, p.46.
  15. Herris'13, p.48.
  16. Herris'13, p.51.
  17. Herris'13, p.54.
  18. 18.0 18.1 Nowarra, p.56.
  • Peter Gray and Owen Thetford. German Aircraft of the First World War. Great Britain, Putnam, 1962, 1987. ISBN 0-85177-809-7.
  • Jack Herris, Gotha Aircraft of WWI. USA, Aeronaut Books, 2013. ISBN 978-1-935881-14-8
  • Jack Herris, German G-Type Bombers of WWI. Aeronaut Books, 2014. ISBN 978-1-935881-26-1.
  • Heinz J. Nowarra, Bruce Robertson, and Peter G. Cooksley. Marine Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Letchworth, Herts, England: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1966. ISBN 0900435070