Gotha

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Gothaer Waggonfabrik A.G. (Gotha) built both twin-engine bombers and a series of seaplanes, as well as a small number of Tauben and unarmed biplanes.

Production aircraft from the Great War or shortly thereafter include:

References

Notes
  1. The G.VI was an asymmetric plane with a small nacelle containing the gunner and a pusher engine. Three were built but after a crash the type was not developed.[1]
  2. The war ended while the G.VIII/GL.VIII was still undergoing prototype evaluation.[2]
  3. Three GL.X prototypes, powered by BMWIII.a engines, were ordered in August 1918. At least one was completed.[3]
  4. Gotha's LD series was only built in small numbers. LD stands for Land Doppeldecker.
  5. Gotha built a single LD.1 in 1914 as a testing platform, leading to the LD series.[4]
  6. Gotha license-built a single Caudron G-type in 1913 as the LD.3. [5]
  7. The LD.4 was a 1914 LD.3 variant with side-by-side seating for the pilot and observer.[6]
  8. The single LD.5 biplane saw no production and spent its life as a trainer.[7]
  9. The Gotha LD.6 prototype crashed. An improved LD.6a failed to meet acceptance criteria and was used as a trainer.[8]
  10. Eight LE.1 Tauben were built as trainers in 1913.[9]
  11. A single LE.4 was built in 1914. It replaced the familiar, massive Taube tail with a more contemporary design.[10]
  12. W.D. likely stands for Wasser Doppeldecker, or 'Water Biplane'
  13. Only the prototype W.D.5 was built.[11]. It was sent to Turkey on 13 July 1916.[12]
  14. The W.D.6 was the company designation for thirty Brandenburg NW's built under license by Gotha, aka the "Brandenburg NW(Go)".[13]
  15. Only a single WD.8 was built in late 1915[14]. It was delivered in Feb 1916 to Zeebrügge, where it was found unsuitable, and it was shipped to Turkey on 21 Sep 1916.[15]
  16. The WD.9 was derived from the WD.5. It served at Zeebrügge from May to June 1916 before being sent to Turkey in Sept.[16] Nowarra hints that there may have been a small production order for use by Turkey.[14]
  17. The WD.10 was a project only.[14]. It was destroyed during testing in 1916.[17]
  18. The WD.15 was a single-seat seaplane fighter that did not go into production.[18]
  19. The WD.20 was a three-seat, twin engined long-range reconnaissance seaplane based on the WD.14. Only 1-3 were completed.[18]
Citations
  1. Herris'14, p.142.
  2. Herris'13, p.168.
  3. Herris'14, p.157.
  4. Herris'13, p.13.
  5. Herris'13, p.16.
  6. Herris'13, p.17.
  7. Herris'13, p.18.
  8. Herris'13, p.19.
  9. Herris'13, p.6.
  10. Herris'13, p.11.
  11. Nowarra, p.44.
  12. Herris'13, p.42.
  13. Herris'13, p.44.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Nowarra, p.46.
  15. Herris'13, p.48.
  16. Herris'13, p.51.
  17. Herris'13, p.54.
  18. 18.0 18.1 Nowarra, p.56.
Bibliography
  • Peter Gray and Owen Thetford. German Aircraft of the First World War. Great Britain, Putnam, 1962, 1987. ISBN 0-85177-809-7.
  • Jack Herris, Gotha Aircraft of WWI. USA, Aeronaut Books, 2013. ISBN 978-1-935881-14-8
  • Jack Herris, German G-Type Bombers of WWI. Aeronaut Books, 2014. ISBN 978-1-935881-26-1.
  • Heinz J. Nowarra, Bruce Robertson, and Peter G. Cooksley. Marine Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Letchworth, Herts, England: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1966. ISBN 0900435070