Fokker E.III

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Fokker E.III
Fokker Eindecker takeoff profile view.jpg
Role Fighter
Manufacturer Fokker
Introduction Aug 1915[1][2][3]
Primary user Cross-Pattee-alternate3.svg Germany
Number built 249-282[4] or ≥258[5]
Variants Fokker A.III
Wingspan 9.41 m (30 ft 10.5 in)[6][7] - 9.96 m (32 ft 8 in) [8]
Propeller Diam. 2.53 m (8 ft 3.5 in)[7]
Engine 100hp Oberursel U.I rotary
Armament fixed sync. IMG08/15
Ammo 550 rounds[9]
Crew 1
Max Speed 134 km/h (83 mph)[10] to 140 km/h (87 mph)[11][6][7]
Climb 1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 5:00[11][8][7]
5,000 ft (1,500 m) in 4:00[12]
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 15:00[8][7]
3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 30:00[11][8][7]
Ceiling 3,500 m (11,500 ft)[11][10][6][7] - 12,000 ft (3,700 m)[8]
Endurance 1:30 [11][8] to 2:45[10][7]

The Fokker Eindeckers were not famous for their flying qualities, they were made famous by the first synchronized gun deployed on a fighter and by the new combat tactics that innovation allowed. The Fokker E.III was by far the most numerous type, with 249 to 282 of them built and accepted of the 415 Eindeckers overall.

The shorter wingspan of the E.II negatively affected its flying characteristics, and the E.III returned to the wider wings of the E.I and added a compass in the starboard wing.[3] A few E.IIIs had twin machine guns, but it was not common because it greatly reduced the E.IIIs climb.[13]

The British staged a mock dogfight between a captured E.III and a Morane-Saulnier Type N and found that "the Morane was all over the Fokker. It climbed quicker, it was faster on the level, and ... the Morane had everything its own way".[5]

E.III's first arrived at the front in August 1915. They had an immediate impact, both in valuable fighter training for many German pilots and on the enemy air corps, whose pilots complained they were "Fokker Fodder". By mid-1916 the Eindeckers had met their match in planes like the Nieuport 11, DH2, and FE2b, but fortunately for the German pilots there were intermediate replacements like the Halberstadts before the arrival of the game-changing Albatros D.I-III.

For more information, see Wikipedia:Fokker E.III.

Timeline [note 1]

Game Data

Wings of Glory

Official Stats
Availability Maneuver Damage Dmg Points Max Alt. Climb Points
Aug15-late16 T B 11 9 6 48
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Notes
  1. German numbers are from bi-monthly Frontbestand records (Effective Frontline Strength).[14]
Citations
  1. Grosz, p.5.
  2. Angelucci, p.52.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Bruce'65, p.6.
  4. Grosz, p.29.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Bruce'65, p.8.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Angelucci, p.41.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 Bruce'65, p.12.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 Lamberton, pp.218-219.
  9. Kelly, p.230.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Munson, p.85.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 Gray, p.86.
  12. Grosz'89, p.14.
  13. Bruce'65, p.7.
  14. Grosz'85, p.60 and Grosz'86, p.66.
Bibliography
  • Enzo Angelucci, ed. The Rand McNally Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, 1914-1980. New York: The Military Press, 1983 edition. ISBN 0-517-41021-4.
  • J.M. Bruce, Profile Publications 38: The Fokker Monoplanes. Great Britain: Profile Publications, Ltd., 1965.
  • Peter Gray and Owen Thetford. German Aircraft of the First World War. Great Britain, Putnam, 1962, 1987. ISBN 0-85177-809-7.
  • P.M. Grosz, Windsock Datafile 15: Fokker E.III. Great Britain, Albatros Publications Ltd., 1989. ISBN 0-948414-19-7
  • Peter M. Grosz, "Archiv -- Frontbestand". WW1 Aero, № 107, Dec 1985 and № 108, Feb 1986. Poughkeepsie, NY: World War I Aeroplanes, Inc.
  • Kevin Kelly, "Belts and Drums: A Survey of First World War Aircraft Ammunition Totals". Over the Front, Vol. 5, No. 3, Autumn 1990. Walsworth Publishing Co, Inc. and The League of World War I Aviation Historians.
  • W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1960.
  • Kenneth Munson, Fighters 1914-19, Attack and Training Aircraft. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1976. ISBN 0713707607