Fokker Dr.I

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Fokker Dr.I
Fokker DR1 at Airpower11 18.jpg
Role Fighter
Manufacturer Fokker
Designer Reinhold Platz
Introduction late Aug 1917[1][2][note 1][note 2]
Primary user Cross-Pattee-alternate3.svg Germany
Number built 320[1][5]
Wingspan 7.19 m (23 ft 7 in) [6][7][8]
Propeller Diam. 2.62 m (8 ft 7 in)[8]
Engine 110hp Thulin rotary or
110hp Oberursel UR II rotary[note 3]
Armament 2×sync. LMG08/15
Ammo 1000 rounds[8][10]
Crew 1
Max Speed 165 km/h (103 mph)[11][12][7] - 185 km/h (115 mph)[6]
Climb 1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 2:54[11]
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 3:45[6] to 6:05[8]
3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 6:30[6]
4,000 m (13,100 ft) in 15:15[8]
Ceiling 6,000 m (19,600 ft)[6][7] - 6,100 m (20,000 ft)[11][12][8]
Endurance 1:30 [11][12][7][8]

The one WWI plane everyone knows is the Fokker Dr.I, though it was built in limited numbers and had a short career. The Triplane's fame was boosted by its famous pilots, most from Richtofen Geschwader, such as Manfred and Lothar von Richtofen and Werner Voss. After their introduction in August 1917, several triplanes were found to have broken up in mid-air and the type was grounded near the end of October. Corrections were made and the type resumed flights on November 10.[2] The grounding slowed production though, and though there were projected to be 173 Dr.Is delivered by December, it was probably closer to thirty-three.[13]

The triplane was quite maneuverable, but -- underpowered by the standards of the time -- it was also slow and lacked performance at altitude, so Idflieg limited production to only 320 machines and they hit their peak in April 1918 with 171 Triplanes at the front. Due to von Richtofen's legend, the Dr.I will always remain iconic. It was flown by most of the famous German aces of the time, including Udet, von Tutscheck, Goering, and Voss.

The decision to use a rotary engine was not one of optimal performance; it was practicality, because inline engines were in short supply at the time if its design.[14] After the superior Fokker D.VII made its appearance in summer of 1918, the Dr.Is were relegated to home-defense duties.[15]

For more information, see Wikipedia:Fokker Dr.I.

Timeline

Game Data

Wings of Glory

Official Stats
Availability Maneuver Damage Dmg Points Max Alt. Climb Points
Aug17-end D A 13 14 2 85

Plane and Crew Cards

Card Links

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Aircraft Chart

Miniatures and Models

1:144 Scale

1:200 Scale

1:285/6mm/1:288 Scale

1:300 Scale

1:350 Scale

1:600 Scale

References

Notes
  1. The introduction of series planes was held up until November due to structural problems and doubts.[3]
  2. Three prototypes arrived for operational testing at the front in August 1917. Production aircraft arrived in October, shortly before they were grounded.[4]
  3. Small numbers used the 145hp Oberursel UR.III or 110hp Goebel Goe.II or the 160hp Goebel Goe.III.[9]
Citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 Gray, p.98.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Rimell, p.1.
  3. Angelucci, p.57.
  4. Bruce'65, p.5.
  5. Bruce'65, p.10.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Lamberton, pp.218-219.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Angelucci, p.47.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 Bruce'65, p.12.
  9. Bruce'65, pp.6-7.
  10. Kelly, p.230.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 Gray, p.101.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Munson, p.77.
  13. Bruce'65, p.6.
  14. Bruce'65, p.3.
  15. Bruce'65, p.9.
Bibliography
  • Enzo Angelucci, ed. The Rand McNally Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, 1914-1980. New York: The Military Press, 1983 edition. ISBN 0-517-41021-4.
  • J.M. Bruce, Profile Publications 55: The Fokker Dr.I. Great Britain: Profile Publications Ltd., 1965.
  • Peter Gray and Owen Thetford. German Aircraft of the First World War. Great Britain, Putnam, 1962, 1987. ISBN 0-85177-809-7.
  • Kevin Kelly, "Belts and Drums: A Survey of First World War Aircraft Ammunition Totals". Over the Front, Vol. 5, No. 3, Autumn 1990. Walsworth Publishing Co, Inc. and The League of World War I Aviation Historians.
  • W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1960.
  • Kenneth Munson, Fighters 1914-19, Attack and Training Aircraft. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1976. ISBN 0713707607
  • Raymond L. Rimell, Windsock Datafile 5: Fokker Triplane. Great Britain: Albatros Publications Ltd., 1987. ISBN 0-948414-03-0