Fokker D.VII

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Fokker D.VII
Fokker D VII 2.jpg
Role Fighter
Manufacturer Fokker
Designer Reinhold Platz[1][2]
First flight late 1917[1]
Introduction late April 1918[3][1][4]
Primary user Cross-Pattee-alternate3.svg Germany
Number built ~1000 [1][note 1]
Wingspan 8.93 m (29 ft 3.5 in) [6][7][8]
Engine 160hp Mercedes D.III inline or
185hp B.M.W. IIIa inline or
175hp Mercedes D.IIIav[5]
Armament 2×sync., fixed LMG08/15
Ammo 1000 rounds[9]
Crew 1
Max Speed see table
Climb see table
Ceiling see table
Endurance 1:30 [10][11][7] to 2:00[12]

The Fokker D.VII is justifiably famous as the best overall German fighter of the war, and in 1918 it was produced in huge numbers. In fact, Fokker's rival Albatros was ordered to build D.VIIs since its D.V and D.Va fighters had done little to restore German dominance in the air. The D.VIIs clean cantilever wings and single-bay construction cut down on drag. Balanced control surfaces made the plane fly with a minimum of effort and pilots found it responsive and forgiving.

Though the plane was quite good with the original 160hp Mercedes engine, it was exceptional when upgraded with the high-compression 185hp B.M.W. engine, a configuration sometimes known as the Fokker D.VIIF. The first BMW-engined D.VII reached the front in May. About a third of the planes produced by Fokker had the BMW.[5] The BMW engine gave especially good performance at high altitude, maintaining excellent performance up to 6,000 m (19,700 ft).[1]

Had the war continued, Austro-Hungarian D.VIIs built by Fokker, MAG, and Aviatik would have been available to the Luftfahrtruppe. Six hundred and thirty were on order.[5]

The plane was held in such regard that it was specifically mentioned in the Armistice Agreement, which specified all front-line D.VIIs were to be handed over to the Entente allies.

Austria-Hungary had standardized on the Fokker D.VII in August 1918, with plans for Aviatik to build 255; Fokker, 225; MAG, 150; and Thöne & Fiala, 30. MAG had completed thirty-five and partially built another twenty-five as the war ended. The Fokker D.VII(MAG) Series 93 used a 225hp Daimler(MAG) engine, and it would have been interesting to see how the D.VII behaved with such an increase in horsepower. [13]

EngineSpeedClimbCeiling
160-180hp Mercedes D.III 188 km/h (117 mph)[14][11][6] to 200 km/h (124 mph)[7] 1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 3:48[14] to 4:00[8]
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 6:48[6] to 8:18[8]
3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 12:00[6] to 13:48[8]
5,000 m (16,400 ft) in 38:05[1][8]
6,000 m (19,600 ft)[6][10][11][7]
185hp BMW IIIa 200 km/h (124 mph)[6]-201 km/h (125 mph)[8] 1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 1:45[8] to 2:30[14]
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 4:00[8]
3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 7:00[8] - 8:30[6]
5,000 m (16,400 ft) in 14:00[1][8]
7,000 m (22,900 ft) [6]

For more information, see Wikipedia:Fokker D.VII.

Timeline [note 2]

Game Data

Wings of Glory

Official Stats
Availability Maneuver Damage Dmg Points Max Alt. Climb Points
Mar/Apr18-end L A 16 15 2 100

Plane and Crew Cards

Card Links

Blue Max/Canvas Eagles

Miniatures and Models

1:144 Scale

1:285/6mm/1:288 Scale

1:300 Scale

1:350 Scale

1:600 Scale

References

Notes
  1. Ordered were 2000[1] to 3200[5].
  2. German numbers are from bi-monthly Frontbestand records (Effective Frontline Strength).[15]
  3. 3.0 3.1 Speculative.
Citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Angelucci, p.59.
  2. Gray'65, p.5.
  3. Gray'87, p.105.
  4. Gray'65, p.7.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Grosz'89, p.5.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 Lamberton, pp.218-219.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Angelucci, p.49.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.9 Gray'65, p.12.
  9. Kelly, p.230.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Gray'87, p.104.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Munson, p.40.
  12. Grosz'89, p.29.
  13. Grosz'93, p.351.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Gray'87, p.108.
  15. Grosz'85, p.60 and Grosz'86, p.66.
Bibliography
  • Enzo Angelucci, ed. The Rand McNally Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, 1914-1980. New York: The Military Press, 1983 edition. ISBN 0-517-41021-4.
  • Peter Gray and Owen Thetford. German Aircraft of the First World War. Great Britain, Putnam, 1962, 1987. ISBN 0-85177-809-7.
  • Peter L. Gray, Profile Publications 25: The Fokker D.VII. Great Britain: Profile Publications, Ltd., circa 1965.
  • Peter M. Grosz, George Haddow, and Peter Schiemer. Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War One. Flying Machines Press, 1993. ISBN 0-9637110-0-8.
  • Peter M. Grosz, "Archiv -- Frontbestand". WW1 Aero, № 107, Dec 1985 and № 108, Feb 1986. Poughkeepsie, NY: World War I Aeroplanes, Inc.
  • P.M. Grosz, Windsock Datafile 9: Fokker D.VII. Great Britain: Albatros Publications Ltd., 1989. ISBN 0-948414-15-4
  • Kevin Kelly, "Belts and Drums: A Survey of First World War Aircraft Ammunition Totals". Over the Front, Vol. 5, No. 3, Autumn 1990. Walsworth Publishing Co, Inc. and The League of World War I Aviation Historians.
  • W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1960.
  • Kenneth Munson, Fighters 1914-19, Attack and Training Aircraft. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1976. ISBN 0713707607