|Introduction||1913 to early 1915|
|Primary users|| France|
|Wingspan||14.7 m (48 ft 4 in)  to 16 m (53 ft)|
|Engine||70-130hp Renault,De Dion-Bouton, Salmson, or Lorraine or|
100hp Fiat A.10
|Armament||none or front flexible MG|
130 kg (290 lb)-140 kg (315 lb) of bombs
|Max Speed||100 km/h (62 mph) - 106 km/h (66 mph) - 109 km/h (68 mph) - 116 km/h (72 mph)[note 1]|
|Climb||910 m (3,000 ft) in 15:00|
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 20:00[note 2]-21:00-22:00
|Ceiling||3,800 m (12,500 ft) |
|Endurance||3:00 to 3:45 to 4:00[note 3]|
When the Farman M.F.7 "Longhorn" was modernized in 1914, the resulting Farman M.F.11 "Shorthorn", aka the "Type 1914", was the perfect plane for 1914: easy to fly, reliable, and with great vision for both the pilot and the observer. They were used by almost every Entente combatant, and they were built in large numbers by both French factories and under license. They entered service with the French in early 1915, serving with at least 37 Escadrilles. Through 1917 they were incrementally replaced with more modern planes, with the last Escadrille giving up their MF.11's in January 1918.
Four Belgian escadrilles used MF.11s, phasing them out for Farman F.40s through 1916. Italy's Savoia firm license-built 601 custom MF.11s, where they served until 1918, and the Savoia-Pomilio S.P.2 and S.P.3 were refinements of the MF.11. Russia only used a couple dozen MF11s at the front. Most British MF.11s were used as trainers, but both the RFC and RNAS used a handful operationally in 1915.
For more information, see Wikipedia:Farman MF.11.
|Version||Availability||Maneuver||Damage||Dmg Points||Max Alt.||Climb|
Plane and Crew Cards
Miniatures and Models
- Shapeways: Reduced Aircraft Factory
- Argus Vol. 2, p.35.
- Lamberton, pp.218-219.
- Angelucci, p.20.
- Ferry'14, pp.58-59.
- Davilla, p.222.
- Philpott'13, pp.379-444.
- Enzo Angelucci, ed. The Rand McNally Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, 1914-1980. New York: The Military Press, 1983 edition. ISBN 0-517-41021-4.
- Argus Books, Airplane Archive: Aircraft of World War One, Volume 2. Great Britain: Argus Books, 1989. ISBN 0-85242-984-3
- Dr. James J. Davilla and Arthur M. Soltan. French Aircraft of the First World War. Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0.
- Vital Ferry. French Aviation During the First World War. Paris: Histoire and Collections, 2014. ISBN 978-2-35250-370-5
- W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Reconnaissance & Bomber Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Ltd., 1962. ISBN 9780900435027
- Ian Philpott, The Birth of the Royal Air Force. Great Britain: Pen & Sword Books Limited, 2013. ISBN 978-1-78159-333-2