Curtiss JN-4

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Curtis JN-4
Curtiss Museum Jenny JN-4.jpg
Role Trainer
Manufacturer Curtiss
Designer B. Douglas Thomas[1]
Primary users US Army Air Roundel.svg U.S.A.
RAF Type A Roundel.svg U.K. (RNAS)
RAF Type A Roundel.svg U.K. (RFC/RAF)
RAF Type A Roundel.svg Canada
Number built 5500 [2]
Wingspan 13.3 m (43 ft 7 in)[3]
Engine 90hp OX-5 or others
Crew 2
Max Speed 121 km/h (75 mph)[3][4]
Climb 2,000 ft (610 m) in 10:00[4]
Ceiling 11,000 ft (3,400 m)[3][4]
Endurance 2:15[3]-2:18[4]

The Curtiss JN (Jenny) was the marriage of the Model J trainer by B.D. Thomas of Sopwith and Curtiss' own Model N, hence the designation "JN". The original JN-1 was followed by small numbers of the JN-2 in 1915. The first large-scale order was for the JN-3, of which eight-six were built in the US and eighteen in Canada.

The JN-4 became the major type -- a trainer for almost all US pilots and many overseas as well. Over five and a half thousand were built and they served in both military training and civilian applications long after the war.

It came in many sub-variants, from the basic JN-4 (701 built) through the JN-4D (2664 built), along with related planes like the JN-4H, JN-6, and others. [4]

For more information, see Wikipedia:Curtiss Jenny.

Miniatures and Models

1:144 Scale

1:200 Scale


  1. Bowers'65, p.3.
  2. Munson, p.107.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Angelucci, p.82.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Bowers'65, p.12.
  • Enzo Angelucci, ed. The Rand McNally Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, 1914-1980. New York: The Military Press, 1983 edition. ISBN 0-517-41021-4.
  • P.M. Bowers, Profile Publications 37: The Curtiss JN-4. Great Britain: Profile Publications, Ltd., 1965.
  • Kenneth Munson, Fighters 1914-19, Attack and Training Aircraft. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1976. ISBN 0713707607