Curtiss JN-4

From Wings of Linen
Curtis JN-4
Role Trainer
Manufacturer Curtiss
Designer B. Douglas Thomas[1]
First flight 1916[2]
Primary users U.S.A.
Number built 5500 [3]
Wingspan 13.3 m (43 ft 7 in)[4][2]
Engine 90hp OX-5 or others
Crew 2
Max Speed 121 km/h (75 mph)[4][5][2]
Climb 610 m (2,000 ft) in 10:00[5]
910 m (3,000 ft) in 10:00[2]
Ceiling 3,400 m (11,000 ft)[4][5]
Range 400 km (250 mi)[2]
Endurance 2:15[4]-2:18[5]

The Curtiss JN (Jenny) was the marriage of the Model J trainer by B.D. Thomas of Sopwith and Curtiss' own Model N, hence the designation "JN". The original JN-1 was followed by small numbers of the JN-2 in 1915. The first large-scale order was for the JN-3, of which eight-six were built in the US and eighteen in Canada.

The JN-4 became the major type -- a trainer for almost all US pilots and many overseas as well. Over five and a half thousand were built and they served in both military training and civilian applications long after the war.

It came in many sub-variants, from the basic JN-4 (701 built) through the JN-4D (2664 built), along with related planes like the JN-4H, JN-6, and others. [5]

For more information, see Wikipedia:Curtiss Jenny.

Miniatures and Models

1:144 Scale

1:200 Scale


  1. Bowers'65, p.3.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Argus Vol. 3, p.90.
  3. Munson, p.107.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Angelucci, p.82.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Bowers'65, p.12.
  • Enzo Angelucci, ed. The Rand McNally Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, 1914-1980. New York: The Military Press, 1983 edition. ISBN 0-517-41021-4.
  • Argus Books, Airplane Archive: Aircraft of World War One, Volume 3. Great Britain: Argus Books, 1989. ISBN 0-85242-998-3
  • P.M. Bowers, Profile Publications 37: The Curtiss JN-4. Great Britain: Profile Publications, Ltd., 1965.
  • Kenneth Munson, Fighters 1914-19, Attack and Training Aircraft. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1976. ISBN 0713707607