|First flight||1913 |
|Introduction||May 1914  or Sep 1914|
|Primary users|| France|
|Number built||2800 [note 1]|
|Developed from||Caudron G.2|
|Wingspan||13.4 m (43 ft 11.5 in)  [note 2]|
|Engine||80-100hp Anzani radial or|
80hp Gnome rotary or
80hp Le Rhône rotary or
70hp Renault inline
|Max Speed||112 km/h (70 mph) to 136.0 km/h (84.5 mph)|
|Climb||1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 7:00|
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 16:00-18:00-20:00
3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 32:00
The Caudron G.3 was a tractor biplane with the engine mounted at the front of a small central nacelle in which a crew of one or two resided. The view from the nacelle was fairly obstructed, and swapping the crew -- as was sometimes done -- did little to improve it. Despite these limitations, around 2,800 G.3's were built and they served with not only Aviation Militaire but with five Italian squadriglia, Romania (12 aircraft), Russia (20), and the U.K., where they were used in small numbers from March-October 1915. U.K.-built G.3's had a somewhat smaller wingspan and greater length than the original design.
The G.3 saw an even longer life as a trainer, where it was used well into the 1920's. 
The plane was very stable and mild-mannered, an advantage with the lightly-trained pilots of 1914 and with student flyers. While early models all used warping (even on the elevators), later models used hinged elevators. As with the earlier Caudron G.2, two small fins with rudders were used for yaw control. A variety of engines was used, with Anzani being most common in trainers. As a trainer, it also saw service with China and the US. Many famous French pilots got their start in the G.3.
For more information, see Wikipedia:Caudron G.3.
|Availability||Maneuver||Damage||Dmg Points||Max Alt.||Climb|
|14Q3-17Q4||XC||- or B||12||10||6|
Miniatures and Models
- Shapeways: Decapod, Kampfflieger, Reduced Aircraft Factory
- U.K.-built version: Reduced Aircraft Factory
- Davilla, p.142.
- Guttman, p.3.
- Ferry'14, p.51.
- Guttman'02, p.36.
- Lamberton, pp.216-218.
- Davilla, p.147.
- Philpott'13, pp.379-444.
- Dr. James J. Davilla and Arthur M. Soltan. French Aircraft of the First World War. Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0.
- Vital Ferry. French Aviation During the First World War. Paris: Histoire and Collections, 2014. ISBN 978-2-35250-370-5
- Jon Guttman, Windsock Datafile 94: Caudron G.3. Great Britain: Albatros Publications Ltd., 2002. ISBN 1-902207-49-1
- Jon Guttman, Windsock Datafile 96: Caudron G.4. Great Britain: Albatros Publications Ltd., 2002. ISBN 1-902207-51-3
- W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Reconnaissance & Bomber Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Ltd., 1962. ISBN 9780900435027
- Ian Philpott, The Birth of the Royal Air Force. Great Britain: Pen & Sword Books Limited, 2013. ISBN 978-1-78159-333-2