Ansaldo S.V.A.

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Engineers Umberto Savoja and Rofolfo Verduzio designed a new plane, the SV after their initials, intended as a single-seat fighter. Combining with the firm Ansaldo for manufacturing (and adding an "A" to the name), they called on top aces to give their opinion. It was fast and sturdy, but during testing pilots rejected it for poor sight lines, lack of access to the guns, and lack of maneuverability. Further adjustments would eventually lead to the Ansaldo A.1 Balilla, but in the meantime the S.V.A. was found to be an excellent fast reconnaissance machine. From a modest start in autumn of 1917 production rates gradually increased, and by the Armistice the S.V.A. equipped six sezioni and four army squadriglie. [1] Perhaps 1,245 SVA aircraft were constructed in total.[2]

There were several variants on the SVA theme, the most famous of which are the single-seat SVA5 (and its variants), the SVA9 two-seat trainer, and the SVA10 two-seat reconnaissance machine. The data is sketchy but Alegi makes a stab at it in Ansaldo S.V.A.5:

SVA Aircraft[3]
PlaneDescription
SVOriginal prototype
SVA1Original prototype, renamed
SVA2Maybe the 1917 pre-production batch?
SVA3Single-seat defense version with smaller wingspan and wing-mounted Fiat MG. SVA ridotto
SVA4Single-seat recon version. Two side-mounted Vickers, two cameras
SVA5Single-seat recon & bombing. Two side-mounted Vickers, two cameras, six 162mm bombs
SVA6Single-seat recon. Wing mounted Fiat MG. Two cameras.
SVA7Single-seat recon & bombing. Wing-mounted Fiat MG. Six 162mm bombs
SVA8Single-seat armored ground attack. Post-war?
SVA9Two-seat trainer
SVA10Two-seat recon.
ISVA or SVA AmFloatplane version.

For more information, see Wikipedia:Ansaldo SVA.

References[edit]

Citations
  1. Alegi, p.1.
  2. Lamberton, p.162.
  3. Alegi, p.36.
Bibliography
  • Gregory Alegi, Windsock Datafile 40: Ansaldo SVA 5. Great Britain, Albatros Publications Ltd., 1993. ISBN 0-948414-50-2
  • W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Reconnaissance & Bomber Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Ltd., 1962.
  • Kenneth Munson, Bombers: Patrol and Reconnaissance Aircraft, 1914-1919. New York: The MacMillan Company, 1968, Blandford Press Ltd. ISBN 978-0753721711