Albatros B.II

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Albatros B.II
AlbatrosBII.jpg
Role Reconnaissance
Manufacturer Albatros
Designer Ernst Heinkel [1]
Primary user Cross-Pattee-alternate3.svg Germany
Developed from Albatros B.I
Wingspan 12.8 m (42 ft) [2]
Engine 100hp Mercedes D.I inline
Armament none
Crew 2
Max Speed 105 km/h (65 mph)[3][4]-109 km/h (68 mph)[2]
Climb 800 m (2,620 ft) in 10min [3]
Ceiling 3,000 m (9,840 ft)[3][4]
Endurance 4:00 [3][4]

Like the Albatros B.I, the Albatros B.II was a pre-war design with a tough plywood fuselage. The smaller B.II served from the beginning of the war until mid-1915, when the increasing prevalence of armed opponents forced the transition to armed C-class two-seaters. After its service at the front was finished, its excellent flying characteristics turned it into a first-class trainer, and in that capacity it continued through the end of the war. The B.IIa was a strengthened version that served in the trainer role. [5]

The B.II was widely used on both the Western and Eastern fronts from 1914 through early 1916. [1]

The Albatros B.I(Ph) was a modified Albatros B.II built by Phönix.

For more information, see Wikipedia:Albatros B.II.

Timeline [note 1][edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. German numbers are from bi-monthly Frontbestand records (Effective Frontline Strength).[6]
Citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 Lamberton, p.116.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Lamberton, pp.220-221.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Gray, p.19.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Munson, p.31.
  5. Gray, p.17.
  6. Grosz'85, p.60 and Grosz'86, p.66.
Bibliography
  • Peter Gray and Owen Thetford. German Aircraft of the First World War. Great Britain, Putnam, 1962, 1987. ISBN 0-85177-809-7.
  • Peter M. Grosz, "Archiv -- Frontbestand". WW1 Aero, № 107, Dec 1985 and № 108, Feb 1986. Poughkeepsie, NY: World War I Aeroplanes, Inc.
  • W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Reconnaissance & Bomber Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Ltd., 1962.
  • Kenneth Munson, Bombers: Patrol and Reconnaissance Aircraft, 1914-1919. New York: The MacMillan Company, 1968, Blandford Press Ltd. ISBN 978-0753721711