Sopwith Triplane

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Sopwith Triplane
SopTri3.jpg
Role Fighter
Manufacturer Sopwith
First flight May 1916
Introduction late 1916
Primary user RAF Type A Roundel.svg U.K. (RNAS)
Wingspan 8.69 m (28 ft 6 in) [1]
Engine 110hp or 130hp Clerget rotary
Armament sync. fixed Vickers
Crew 1
Max Speed 188 km/h (117 mph) [2][3][1]
Climb 1,500 m (5,000 ft) in 4:35[1]
1,800 m (6,000 ft) in 5:50[2]
3,000 m (10,000 ft) in 11:50[2][1]
5,000 m (16,400 ft) in 26:30 [2][1]
Service Ceiling 6,100 m (20,000 ft)[3] to 6,200 m (20,500 ft) [2][1]
Endurance 2:45 [2][3]

The Sopwith Triplane was a revolutionary aeroplane whose goal was to improve the pilot's vision with narrow-chord wings while giving excellent maneuverability. It was regarded as slightly less nimble than the Sopwith Pup, but it had more power and better sight lines. Like the Pup, the armament was a single synchronized Vickers. While it was initially ordered for both the RFC and RNAS, the two services did some trading and sent all RNAS SPAD 7s to the RFC in exchange for all RFC triplanes. Hence, the Triplane was only flown by the RNAS.

While the prototype was tested at the front in June 1916, it wasn't until late 1916 that production machines reached units, and only in April 1917 did offensive patrols begin. The Triplane soon earned the respect of German pilots, especially in the hands of pilots like Raymond Collishaw, and the Germans soon began their own experiments to produce a nimble triplane. Its lifetime was fairly brief, though: by late autumn the Triplanes had been traded in for better-armed Sopwith Camels. [2]

For more information, see Wikipedia:Sopwith Triplane.

Timeline

Game Data

Wings of Glory

Official Stats
Maneuver Damage Dmg Points Max Alt. Climb
Maneuver.png Firing.png Damage.png Ceiling.png Climb.png
U A or B 13 14 3

Plane and Crew Cards

Card Links

Blue Max/Canvas Eagles

Aircraft Chart

Miniatures and Models

1:144 Scale

1:285/6mm/1:288 Scale

1:300 Scale

1:350 Scale

1:600 Scale

Resources

Color Schemes

References

Notes
  1. Updated card
Citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Lamberton, pp.214-215.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Bruce'69, p.563.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Munson, p.76.
Bibliography
  • J.M. Bruce. British Aeroplanes 1914-18. Great Britain, Funk & Wagnalls, 1957, 1969. ISBN 0370000382
  • W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1960.
  • Kenneth Munson, Fighters 1914-19, Attack and Training Aircraft. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1976. ISBN 0713707607