|First flight||Aug 1917 |
|Introduction||Apr-May 1918 |
|Number built||roughly 110 to 150 to 160[note 1]|
|Wingspan||11.0 m (36 ft 1 in) |
|Engine||230hp Hiero inline or 200-220 MAG Daimler|
|Armament||fixed, sync. Schwarzlose and|
rear, flexible Scharzlose
50 kg (110 lb) of bombs
|Max Speed||172 km/h (107 mph) to|
177 km/h (110 mph)
|Climb||1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 3:15 to 4:30|
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 10:45
3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 18:00 to 20:35
|Ceiling||5,400 m (17,700 ft)|
Experience with the aborted Hansa-Brandenburg C.II project gave Phönix the experience to create the Phönix C.I. Long delays plagued the program, but finally in late spring 1918 some C.Is were sent for front-line evaluation. A 230hp Hiero engine was a key part of its success, and it was thought to be a better plane than the UFAG C.I, especially at altitude.
The plane's design with the observer level with the horizontal tail surfaces and minimal fin and rudder interference must have given the observer a superb field of fire. Later model C.I's enlarged the cutout in the upper wing and added cutouts to the lower wing to improve the pilot's field of view.
Though about 160 were built (and many more were planned), the C.I was just reaching front-line units in large numbers when the war ended. It saw use with seventeen Fliks but only in ones and twos. Few were lost in combat but there were the inevitable teething troubles and records show only six at the front on 20 October 1918. Had all the orders been fulfilled, there would have been 565 of them built by spring of 1919.
Beyond those built by the parent company, an order was given to Lloyd to build 100 as the Series 49 in August 1918, but it is not known how many were actually finished. At least ten of them saw service in 1919 in clashes with Czech and Rumanian forces, and those used 200-220 MAG engines instead of the 230hp Hiero.
For more information, see Wikipedia:Phönix C.I.
|Availability||Maneuver||Damage||Dmg Points||Max Alt.||Climb||Points|
Miniatures and Models
- Shapeways: wow
- Shapeways: Reduced Aircraft Factory
- Shapeways: wow
- 565 were on order from Phönix in August 1918, but many were cancelled with the war's end.
- Grosz'93, p.109.
- Lamberton, p.30.
- Angelucci, p.96.
- Grosz'93, p.111.
- Lamberton, pp.212-213.
- Angelucci, p.87.
- Grosz'93, p.113.
- Munson, p.44.
- Grosz'93, p.223.
- Enzo Angelucci, ed. The Rand McNally Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, 1914-1980. New York: The Military Press, 1983 edition. ISBN 0-517-41021-4.
- Peter M. Grosz, George Haddow, and Peter Schiemer. Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War One. Flying Machines Press, 1993. ISBN 0-9637110-0-8.
- W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Reconnaissance & Bomber Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Ltd., 1962. ISBN 9780900435027
- Kenneth Munson, Bombers: Patrol and Reconnaissance Aircraft, 1914-1919. New York: The MacMillan Company, 1968, Blandford Press Ltd. ISBN 978-0753721711