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Pfalz Flugzeug-Werke of Speyer/Rhein was founded by the Everbusch brothers with backing from the Bavarian government, in order to assure some native supply of aircraft.[1] The Pfalz factory was established in Speyer, near Mannheim, in July 1913.[2] They began by building licensed Morane-Saulnier derivatives, but later in the war Pfalz developed their own designs. Throughout the war their planes were used heavily by Bavarian Jastas, but other pilots tended to prefer planes from Fokker and Albatros.

Production aircraft from the Great War or shortly thereafter include:


  1. The Pfalz C.I was actually a license-built Rumpler C.IV and later would have been designated the Rumpler C.IV(Pfal).[3]
  2. Pfalz D.I was the original name for 20 license-built L.F.G. Roland D.Is, before the parenthesized nomenclature for license-built machines became standard. Pfalz applied many of the same construction techniques to the Pfalz D.III.[4]
  3. Pfalz D.II was the original name for the L.F.G. Roland D.II(Pfal).
  4. Pfalz D.IIa was the original name for the L.F.G. Roland D.IIa(Pfal). Around 160-200 D.II and D.IIa's were built by Pfalz.[5]
  5. The D.VI was a Oberursel U.II-engined prototype that took part in the first D-type competitions.[6]
  6. Two versions of the D.VII -- one with the Siemens-Halske Sh.III and another with the Oberursel U.III -- were tested but did not enter production.[7]
  7. The D.XIV was a D.XII of somewhat larger proportions and used the 200hp Benz Bz.IVü engine. It did not enter production.[8]
  1. Gray'65, p.183.
  2. Gray'65, p.4.
  3. Gray'65, p.508.
  4. Grosz'94, p.2.
  5. Grosz'94, p.36.
  6. Gray'65, p.500.
  7. Gray'65, p.501.
  8. Gray'65, p.505.
  • Peter Gray and Owen Thetford. German Aircraft of the First World War. Great Britain, Putnam, 1962, 1987. ISBN 0-85177-809-7.
  • Peter L. Gray, Profile Publications 43: The Pfalz D.III. Great Britain: Profile Publications Ltd, 1965.
  • P M Grosz, Windsock Datafile 47: LFG Roland D.II. Great Britain: Albatros Publications, Ltd., 1994. ISBN 0-948414-62-6