By mid to late 1917, the vee-strutted sesquiplane Nieuport design had seen its zenith come and go. The Nieuport 28C-1 was an attempt to return to dominance with a more conventional biplane design. For the first time a Nieuport airplane was fitted with twin forward-firing synchronized machine guns: one Vickers on the top deck and another deep on the port side. In a rare design decision, ailerons were fitted only to the bottom wings. It had good maneuverability but it had a tendency to shed fabric in a high-speed dive, and it was not selected for French service.
|First flight||June 1917 |
|Number built||297 |
|Wingspan||8.00 m (26 ft 3 in)-8.15 m (26 ft 9 in)|
|Engine||160hp Gnome Monosoupape 9Nc rotary|
|Armament||2×sync. fixed Vickers [note 1]|
|Max Speed||198 km/h (123 mph)  to|
206 km/h (128 mph)
|Climb||1,500 m (5,000 ft) in 4:30|
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 5:30 
3,000 m (10,000 ft) in 9:00-11:30
|Ceiling||5,180 m (17,000 ft)  to|
6,100 m (20,000 ft)
|Range||400 km (250 mi)|
The Americans needed a fighter, though, especially with the SPAD 13 allocations aimed for French service, and they purchased 297 of the Nieuport 28. In service it was not popular and its lifetime was only about four months long before being replaced by the SPAD 13. Nevertheless, many American pilots earned their first victories flying the Nieuport 28. They were used by the 27th, 94th, 95th, and 147th Aero Squadrons.
The American's first patrols over enemy lines by the 94th and 95th Aero Squadrons were performed in early to mid March 1918, even though it was not until mid April that guns arrived to arm the planes! On 14 April Alan Winslow and Douglas Campbell scored the A.E.F.'s first victories. 
For more information, see Wikipedia:Nieuport 28.
|Availability||Maneuver||Damage||Dmg Points||Max Alt.||Climb||Points|
Miniatures and Models
- Ares: WGF120A Hartney; WGF120B O'Neil; WGF120C Rickenbacker
- Shapeways: Columbia Aerodrome, Kampfflieger, Reduced Aircraft Factory
- Metal kit: Reviresco
- Metal kit: Heroics & Ros GWA201
- Shapeways: Kampfflieger
- Some American planes used twin Marlins instead of Vickers.
- Davilla, p.405.
- Bowers, p.10.
- Bowers, p.12.
- Lamberton, pp.216-217.
- Angelucci, p.42.
- Bowers, p.6.
- Davilla, p.408.
- Munson, p.63.
- Guttman, p.35.
- Enzo Angelucci, ed. The Rand McNally Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, 1914-1980. New York: The Military Press, 1983 edition. ISBN 0-517-41021-4.
- Peter M. Bowers, Profile Publications 79: The Nieuport 28. Great Britain: Profile Publications Ltd., 1966.
- Dr. James J. Davilla and Arthur M. Soltan. French Aircraft of the First World War. Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0.
- Jon Guttman, Windsock Datafile 36: Nieuport 28. Great Britain: Albatros Publications, Ltd., 1992. ISBN 0-948414-44-8
- W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1960.
- Kenneth Munson, Fighters 1914-19, Attack and Training Aircraft. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1976. ISBN 0713707607