The Nieuport 21 C-1 (for Chasse, or "Pursuit") was powered with an 80hp LeRhone 9C fitted to a lightened Nieuport 17 airframe (with an increase to 3 degrees of sweepback on the mainplanes to compensate for the lighter engine) and no headrest. It may have been originally intended as a trainer, and the 21E-1 (Ecole or "School") version was supplied in number for that purpose. But it was first pressed into French front-line service in small numbers and first appeared in mid summer 1916 alongside the Nieuport 17. Many were built or purchased by Russia growing from around 40 in spring of 1917 to over 70 in mid-summer. Russian pilots were impressed by its manueverability.
|Primary users|| France|
|Developed from||Nieuport 17|
|Wingspan||8.18 m (26 ft 10 in) |
|Engine||80hp Le Rhône 9C rotary|
|Armament||sync. Vickers or top-wing Lewis|
|Max Speed||150 km/h (93 mph) |
|Climb||1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 4:00|
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 8:27-8:45
3,000 m (9,840 ft) in 15:42
|Ceiling||5,200 m (17,100 ft) |
|Range||250 km (160 mi) |
The Nieuport 21 came with either a fixed, sychronized Vickers machine gun or an over-wing Lewis.
For more information, see Wikipedia:Nieuport 21.
Timeline [note 1]
Wings of Glory
|Maneuver||Damage||Dmg Points||Max Alt.||Climb||Points|
Miniatures and Models
Nieuport 17s make a good substitute.
- Lamberton, pp.216-217.
- Davilla, p.389.
- Durkota, p.358.
- Davilla, p.387.
- Davilla, p. 379.
- Durkota, p. 353.
- Dr. James J. Davilla and Arthur M. Soltan. French Aircraft of the First World War. Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0.
- Alan Durkota, Thomas Darcey, and Victor Kulikov. The Imperial Russian Air Service. Flying Machines Press, 1995. ISBN 0-9637110-2-4
- W.M. Lamberton and E.F. Cheesman, Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Great Britain: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1960.