Georges Levy 40 HB2

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Levy 40 HB2
F-CFBA in San Sebastian, 1920.jpg
Role Flying Boat
Manufacturer Levy-Besson
Designer Le Pen & Blanchard [1]
Introduction Nov 1917 [1][2]
Primary users Roundel of the French Air Force before 1945.svg France
US Army Air Roundel.svg U.S.A.
Number built ~100 [1]
Wingspan 18.5 m (60 ft 8 in)[3]
Engine 280hp Renault 12Fe
Armament front flexible Lewis
300 kg (660 lb) of bombs
Crew 2-3
Max Speed 150 km/h (93 mph)[4][3][note 1][note 2]
Climb 1,800 m (6,000 ft) in 23:00[3]
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 25:00[4][3]
Range 400 km (250 mi)[4]
Endurance 6:30 [4][3]

Avation Maritime's distrust of triplane flying boats such as the Levy-Besson "Alerte" led the firm to design a version with the more traditional biplane wings, the Georges Levy 40 HB2. ("HB2" probably stood for Hydravion Bombardement with a crew of two.). With a 280hp Renault engine, the plane had good performance and it could carry larger bombs than other French flying boats. It entered service in November 1917. One hundred were ordered in France, and twelve were used by the US Navy. Though it was originally designed for two, a crew of three was frequently carried -- two in the communal cockpit and a third in the nose with a flexible Lewis machine gun.[1]

It was also known as the Georges Levy 300hp Renault, the G.L.300[1], and the Levy-Le-Pen, and the Le Pen-Blanchard, after its designers. [2]

By 1918 it had become the standard in flying boats for the French Navy. It was the first flying boat to carry the new 79 kg (175 lb) anti-submarine bomb, a distinction it alone held for six months.[2]

For more information, see Wikipedia:Georges Levy G.L.40.

Timeline[edit]

Miniatures and Models[edit]

1:144 Scale[edit]

1:285/6mm/1:288 Scale[edit]

Resources[edit]

Orthographic Drawings[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. Some references give a speed of 185 km/h (115 mph).[4]
  2. Cruising speed was 130 km/h (81 mph).[3]
Citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Davilla, p.303.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Nowarra, p.132.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Nowarra, pp.202-203.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Davilla, p.304.
Bibliography
  • Dr. James J. Davilla and Arthur M. Soltan. French Aircraft of the First World War. Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0.
  • Heinz J. Nowarra, Bruce Robertson, and Peter G. Cooksley. Marine Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Letchworth, Herts, England: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1966. ISBN 0900435070