Difference between revisions of "Georges Levy 40 HB2"

From Wings of Linen
Jump to navigation Jump to search
(Filled out)
(Add new RAF models)
 
(4 intermediate revisions by the same user not shown)
Line 7: Line 7:
 
|designer=Le Pen &amp; Blanchard <ref name=Davilla303>Davilla, p.303.</ref>
 
|designer=Le Pen &amp; Blanchard <ref name=Davilla303>Davilla, p.303.</ref>
 
|first flight=
 
|first flight=
|introduced=Nov 1917 <ref name=Davilla303>Davilla, p.303.</ref>
+
|introduced=Nov 1917 <ref name=Davilla303>Davilla, p.303.</ref><ref name=Nowarra132>Nowarra, p.132.</ref>
 
|primary user={{xUserCountry|France}}
 
|primary user={{xUserCountry|France}}
 
|more users={{xUserCountry|USA}}
 
|more users={{xUserCountry|USA}}
Line 13: Line 13:
 
|variants with their own articles=
 
|variants with their own articles=
 
|engine=280hp Renault 12Fe
 
|engine=280hp Renault 12Fe
|armament=front flexible Lewis<br>300kg or bombs
+
|armament=front flexible Lewis<br>{{xUnitKg|300}} of bombs
  +
|crew=2-3
  +
|speed={{xUnitKph|150}}<ref name=Davilla304>Davilla, p.304.</ref><ref name=Nowarra202>Nowarra, pp.202-203.</ref>{{refn|group=note|Some references give a speed of {{xUnitKph|185}}.<ref name=Davilla304>Davilla, p.304.</ref>}}{{refn|group=note|Cruising speed was {{xUnitMph|81}}.<ref name=Nowarra202>Nowarra, pp.202-203.</ref>}}
  +
|climb={{xUnitFt|6000}} in 23:00<ref name=Nowarra202>Nowarra, pp.202-203.</ref><br>{{xUnitM|2000}} in 25:00<ref name=Davilla304>Davilla, p.304.</ref><ref name=Nowarra202>Nowarra, pp.202-203.</ref>
  +
|range={{xUnitKm|400}}<ref name=Davilla304>Davilla, p.304.</ref>
  +
|endurance=6:30 <ref name=Davilla304>Davilla, p.304.</ref><ref name=Nowarra202>Nowarra, pp.202-203.</ref>
  +
|wingspan={{xUnitFtIn|60|8}}<ref name=Nowarra202>Nowarra, pp.202-203.</ref>
 
}}
 
}}
 
|}
 
|}
Line 22: Line 28:
 
With a 280hp Renault engine, the plane had good performance and it could carry larger bombs than other French flying boats.
 
With a 280hp Renault engine, the plane had good performance and it could carry larger bombs than other French flying boats.
 
It entered service in November 1917. One hundred were ordered in France, and twelve were used by the US Navy.
 
It entered service in November 1917. One hundred were ordered in France, and twelve were used by the US Navy.
  +
Though it was originally designed for two, a crew of three was frequently carried -- two in the communal cockpit and a third in the nose with a flexible Lewis machine gun.<ref name=Davilla303>Davilla, p.303.</ref>
   
It was also known as the Georges Levy 300hp Renault, the G.L.300, and the Levy-Le-Pen.
+
It was also known as the Georges Levy 300hp Renault, the G.L.300<ref name=Davilla303>Davilla, p.303.</ref>, and the Levy-Le-Pen, and the Le Pen-Blanchard, after its designers.
<ref name=Davilla303>Davilla, p.303.</ref>
+
<ref name=Nowarra132>Nowarra, p.132.</ref>
  +
  +
By 1918 it had become the standard in flying boats for the French Navy.
  +
It was the first flying boat to carry the new {{xUnitLb|175}} anti-submarine bomb, a distinction it alone held for six months.<ref name=Nowarra132>Nowarra, p.132.</ref>
   
 
{{xReferenceWikipedia|Georges Levy G.L.40}}
 
{{xReferenceWikipedia|Georges Levy G.L.40}}
   
 
== Timeline ==
 
== Timeline ==
  +
{{xEnTimelineSlim|
{{xEnTimeline|
 
 
bar:france from:11/01/1917 till:11/01/1918 color:france width:{{xTimelineWidth|80}}
 
bar:france from:11/01/1917 till:11/01/1918 color:france width:{{xTimelineWidth|80}}
 
bar:usa from:07/19/1918 till:11/01/1918 color:usa width:{{xTimelineWidth|12}}
 
bar:usa from:07/19/1918 till:11/01/1918 color:usa width:{{xTimelineWidth|12}}
Line 51: Line 61:
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
 
-->
 
-->
<!-- THIS SECTION COVERS MODELS IN SCALES 1:144, 1:288, 1:350, INCLUDING METAL, PLASTIC, AND 3D PRINTED
 
 
== Miniatures and Models ==
 
== Miniatures and Models ==
 
=== 1:144 Scale ===
 
=== 1:144 Scale ===
* Shapeways: [http://shpws.me/Nd6S Reduced Aircraft Factory]
+
* Shapeways: [http://shpws.me/Rcbv Reduced Aircraft Factory]
 
=== 1:285/6mm/1:288 Scale ===
 
=== 1:285/6mm/1:288 Scale ===
* Shapeways: [http://shpws.me/Nd6S Reduced Aircraft Factory]
+
* Shapeways: [http://shpws.me/Rcbv Reduced Aircraft Factory]
  +
-->
 
<!-- IF WE HAVE GOOD, PUBLIC ORTHOGRAPHIC VIEWS AND THE LIKE, THEY GO HERE.
 
 
==Resources==
 
==Resources==
 
===Orthographic Drawings===
 
===Orthographic Drawings===
 
<gallery mode="packed-hover" style="text-align:left">
 
<gallery mode="packed-hover" style="text-align:left">
Image:FokkerD3Top.png|early model
+
Image:GL40-top.png
Image:FokkerD3AileronsTop.png|late model
 
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
-->
 
   
 
==References==
 
==References==
<!--
 
 
;Notes
 
;Notes
 
<references group="note" />
 
<references group="note" />
-->
 
 
;Citations
 
;Citations
 
<references />
 
<references />
 
;Bibliography
 
;Bibliography
 
{{xDavilla-French}}
 
{{xDavilla-French}}
  +
{{xNowarra-Marine}}
   
 
[[Category:Levy-Besson aircraft]]
 
[[Category:Levy-Besson aircraft]]
 
[[Category:Flying Boats]]
 
[[Category:Flying Boats]]
  +
[[Category:Models without WoG cards]]
  +
[[Category:Models without WoG stats]]
  +
[[Category:Aircraft with 1:144 Models‎]]
  +
[[Category:Aircraft with 1:285-1:288 Models‎]]
 
__NOTOC__
 
__NOTOC__

Latest revision as of 01:39, 18 April 2019

Levy 40 HB2
F-CFBA in San Sebastian, 1920.jpg
Role Flying Boat
Manufacturer Levy-Besson
Designer Le Pen & Blanchard [1]
Introduction Nov 1917 [1][2]
Primary users Roundel of the French Air Force before 1945.svg France
US Army Air Roundel.svg U.S.A.
Number built ~100 [1]
Wingspan 18.5 m (60 ft 8 in)[3]
Engine 280hp Renault 12Fe
Armament front flexible Lewis
300 kg (660 lb) of bombs
Crew 2-3
Max Speed 150 km/h (93 mph)[4][3][note 1][note 2]
Climb 1,800 m (6,000 ft) in 23:00[3]
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 25:00[4][3]
Range 400 km (250 mi)[4]
Endurance 6:30 [4][3]

Avation Maritime's distrust of triplane flying boats such as the Levy-Besson "Alerte" led the firm to design a version with the more traditional biplane wings, the Georges Levy 40 HB2. ("HB2" probably stood for Hydravion Bombardement with a crew of two.). With a 280hp Renault engine, the plane had good performance and it could carry larger bombs than other French flying boats. It entered service in November 1917. One hundred were ordered in France, and twelve were used by the US Navy. Though it was originally designed for two, a crew of three was frequently carried -- two in the communal cockpit and a third in the nose with a flexible Lewis machine gun.[1]

It was also known as the Georges Levy 300hp Renault, the G.L.300[1], and the Levy-Le-Pen, and the Le Pen-Blanchard, after its designers. [2]

By 1918 it had become the standard in flying boats for the French Navy. It was the first flying boat to carry the new 79 kg (175 lb) anti-submarine bomb, a distinction it alone held for six months.[2]

For more information, see Wikipedia:Georges Levy G.L.40.

Timeline

Miniatures and Models

1:144 Scale

1:285/6mm/1:288 Scale

Resources

Orthographic Drawings

References

Notes
  1. Some references give a speed of 185 km/h (115 mph).[4]
  2. Cruising speed was 130 km/h (81 mph).[3]
Citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Davilla, p.303.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Nowarra, p.132.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Nowarra, pp.202-203.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Davilla, p.304.
Bibliography
  • Dr. James J. Davilla and Arthur M. Soltan. French Aircraft of the First World War. Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0.
  • Heinz J. Nowarra, Bruce Robertson, and Peter G. Cooksley. Marine Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Letchworth, Herts, England: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1966. ISBN 0900435070