Difference between revisions of "Georges Levy 40 HB2"

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|name=Levy 40 HB2
 
|name=Levy 40 HB2
 
|image=F-CFBA_in_San_Sebastian,_1920.jpg
 
|image=F-CFBA_in_San_Sebastian,_1920.jpg
|caption=
 
 
}}{{Infobox aircraft type
 
}}{{Infobox aircraft type
 
|type=Flying Boat
 
|type=Flying Boat
 
|manufacturer=[[Levy-Besson]]
 
|manufacturer=[[Levy-Besson]]
  +
|designer=Le Pen &amp; Blanchard <ref name=Davilla303>Davilla, p.303.</ref>
|designer=
 
 
|first flight=
 
|first flight=
  +
|introduced=Nov 1917 <ref name=Davilla303>Davilla, p.303.</ref><ref name=Nowarra132>Nowarra, p.132.</ref>
|introduced=
 
|retired=
 
|status=
 
 
|primary user={{xUserCountry|France}}
 
|primary user={{xUserCountry|France}}
|more users=
+
|more users={{xUserCountry|USA}}
  +
|number built=~100 <ref name=Davilla303>Davilla, p.303.</ref>
|produced=
 
|number built=
 
 
|variants with their own articles=
 
|variants with their own articles=
  +
|engine=280hp Renault 12Fe
  +
|armament=front flexible Lewis<br>{{xUnitKg|300}} of bombs
  +
|crew=2-3
  +
|speed={{xUnitKph|150}}<ref name=Davilla304>Davilla, p.304.</ref><ref name=Nowarra202>Nowarra, pp.202-203.</ref>{{refn|group=note|Some references give a speed of {{xUnitKph|185}}.<ref name=Davilla304>Davilla, p.304.</ref>}}{{refn|group=note|Cruising speed was {{xUnitMph|81}}.<ref name=Nowarra202>Nowarra, pp.202-203.</ref>}}
  +
|climb={{xUnitFt|6000}} in 23:00<ref name=Nowarra202>Nowarra, pp.202-203.</ref><br>{{xUnitM|2000}} in 25:00<ref name=Davilla304>Davilla, p.304.</ref><ref name=Nowarra202>Nowarra, pp.202-203.</ref>
  +
|range={{xUnitKm|400}}<ref name=Davilla304>Davilla, p.304.</ref>
  +
|endurance=6:30 <ref name=Davilla304>Davilla, p.304.</ref><ref name=Nowarra202>Nowarra, pp.202-203.</ref>
  +
|wingspan={{xUnitFtIn|60|8}}<ref name=Nowarra202>Nowarra, pp.202-203.</ref>
 
}}
 
}}
 
|}
 
|}
   
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''Avation Maritime'''s distrust of triplane flying boats such as the [[Levy-Besson "Alerte" Flying Boat|Levy-Besson "Alerte"]] led the
<!-- ADD TWO OR THREE PARAGRAPHS OF DESCRIPTION HERE. INCLUDE <ref> AND/OR <ref name="Grosz99"> TAGS, THE LATTER FOR REPEAT REFERENCES.
 
  +
firm to design a version with the more traditional biplane wings, the '''Georges Levy 40 HB2'''.
NOTES ARE DONE AS: {{refn|group=note|Here is note text.}} AND THEY CAN INCLUDE <ref> TAGS.
 
  +
("HB2" probably stood for ''Hydravion Bombardement'' with a crew of two.).
-->
 
  +
With a 280hp Renault engine, the plane had good performance and it could carry larger bombs than other French flying boats.
<!-- WE ADD A REFERENCE BACK TO THE WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE HERE, SINCE WE'RE NOT GOING TO ADD LONG VERBIAGE ON THIS PAGE. -->
 
  +
It entered service in November 1917. One hundred were ordered in France, and twelve were used by the US Navy.
  +
Though it was originally designed for two, a crew of three was frequently carried -- two in the communal cockpit and a third in the nose with a flexible Lewis machine gun.<ref name=Davilla303>Davilla, p.303.</ref>
  +
  +
It was also known as the Georges Levy 300hp Renault, the G.L.300<ref name=Davilla303>Davilla, p.303.</ref>, and the Levy-Le-Pen, and the Le Pen-Blanchard, after its designers.
  +
<ref name=Nowarra132>Nowarra, p.132.</ref>
  +
  +
By 1918 it had become the standard in flying boats for the French Navy.
  +
It was the first flying boat to carry the new {{xUnitLb|175}} anti-submarine bomb, a distinction it alone held for six months.<ref name=Nowarra132>Nowarra, p.132.</ref>
  +
 
{{xReferenceWikipedia|Georges Levy G.L.40}}
 
{{xReferenceWikipedia|Georges Levy G.L.40}}
   
<!-- IF WE HAVE TIMELINE DATA, EG FRONTBESTAND, CREATE A TIMELINE HERE. ADD A NOTE IF IT'S APPROXIMATE, SUCH AS FROM ENTENTE SQUADRON COUNTS.
 
 
== Timeline ==
 
== Timeline ==
  +
{{xEnTimelineSlim|
{{xEnTimeline|
 
bar:france from:05/01/1916 till:05/31/1916 color:france width:{{xTimelineWidth|20}}
+
bar:france from:11/01/1917 till:11/01/1918 color:france width:{{xTimelineWidth|80}}
bar:belgium from:10/01/1916 till:12/31/1917 color:belgium width:{{xTimelineWidth|12}}
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bar:usa from:07/19/1918 till:11/01/1918 color:usa width:{{xTimelineWidth|12}}
bar:italy from:01/01/1917 till:02/28/1917 color:italy width:{{xTimelineWidth|36}}
 
bar:russia from:12/01/1916 till:02/28/1917 color:russia width:{{xTimelineWidth|3}}
 
bar:uk from:03/01/1917 till:04/30/1917 color:uk width:{{xTimelineWidth|20}}
 
bar:uk from:05/01/1917 till:09/01/1917 color:uk width:{{xTimelineWidth|60}}
 
 
}}
 
}}
-->
 
   
 
<!-- THIS SECTION COVERS GAME DATA SUCH AS W.O.G. STATS AND PLANE CARDS, IF AVAILABLE.
 
<!-- THIS SECTION COVERS GAME DATA SUCH AS W.O.G. STATS AND PLANE CARDS, IF AVAILABLE.
 
== Game Data ==
 
== Game Data ==
=== Wings of Glory ===
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=== {{xGame-WoG}} ===
 
{{xWoGTable
 
{{xWoGTable
| official=true
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| official=false
 
| availability=16Q3-16Q4
 
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==== Plane and Crew Cards ====
 
==== Plane and Crew Cards ====
<gallery mode="packed" style="text-align:left">
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<gallery mode="packed-hover" style="text-align:left">
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Image:somepicture.jpg|{{xCardnotes|country=ccc|unit=uuu|pilot=ppp|artist=aaa}}
Image:AEGG4Sample.jpg|{{xRoundelMini|Germany}} Plane: Kagohl 3
 
Image:AEGG4WoGSampleCrewCard.jpg|{{xRoundelMini|Germany}} Crew: Kagohl 3
 
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
 
-->
 
-->
 
<!-- THIS SECTION COVERS MODELS IN SCALES 1:144, 1:288, 1:350, INCLUDING METAL, PLASTIC, AND 3D PRINTED
 
 
== Miniatures and Models ==
 
== Miniatures and Models ==
 
=== 1:144 Scale ===
 
=== 1:144 Scale ===
 
* Shapeways: [http://shpws.me/Rcbv Reduced Aircraft Factory]
* Ares
 
<gallery mode="packed-hover" style="text-align:left">
 
Image:WGF117A.jpg|WGF117A Baracca
 
Image:WGF117B.jpg|WGF117B Nungesser
 
Image:WGF117C.jpg|WGF117C Thaw
 
</gallery>
 
* Shapeways: [http://shpws.me/Nd6b ReducedAircraftFactory], [http://shpws.me/Nd6S Reduced Aircraft Factory]
 
* Plastic Kit: [http://www.valom.net/images/produkty/foto_14405%20Nieuport%20Ni%2017/foto_14405%20Nieuport%20Ni%2017.html Valom]
 
 
=== 1:285/6mm/1:288 Scale ===
 
=== 1:285/6mm/1:288 Scale ===
* Shapeways: [http://shpws.me/Nd6b ReducedAircraftFactory], [http://shpws.me/Nd6S Reduced Aircraft Factory]
+
* Shapeways: [http://shpws.me/Rcbv Reduced Aircraft Factory]
=== 1:300 Scale ===
 
* Metal: [http://www.heroicsandros.co.uk/index.php?app=gbu0&ns=prodshow&ref=GWA203 Heroics & Ros]
 
-->
 
   
<!-- IF WE HAVE GOOD, PUBLIC ORTHOGRAPHIC VIEWS AND THE LIKE, THEY GO HERE.
 
 
==Resources==
 
==Resources==
===Isometric Top Views===
+
===Orthographic Drawings===
 
<gallery mode="packed-hover" style="text-align:left">
 
<gallery mode="packed-hover" style="text-align:left">
Image:FokkerD3Top.png|early model
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Image:GL40-top.png
Image:FokkerD3AileronsTop.png|late model
 
 
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==References==
 
==References==
 
;Notes
 
;Notes
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<references />
 
<references />
 
;Bibliography
 
;Bibliography
  +
{{xDavilla-French}}
* Peter Gray and Owen Thetford. ''German Aircraft of the First World War''. Great Britain, Putnam, 1962, 1987. {{ISBN|0-85177-809-7}}.
 
  +
{{xNowarra-Marine}}
* P.M.Grosz. ''Fokker Fighters D.I-IV''. Albatros Publications, Ltd., 1999. {{ISBN|1-902207-11-4}}.
 
  +
* Peter M. Grosz, George Haddow, and Peter Schiemer. ''Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War One''. Flying Machines Press, 1993. {{ISBN|0-9637110-0-8}}.
 
-->
 
 
[[Category:Levy-Besson aircraft]]
 
[[Category:Levy-Besson aircraft]]
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[[Category:Flying Boats]]
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[[Category:Models without WoG cards]]
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[[Category:Models without WoG stats]]
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[[Category:Aircraft with 1:144 Models‎]]
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[[Category:Aircraft with 1:285-1:288 Models‎]]
 
__NOTOC__
 
__NOTOC__
 
<!-- FINALLY, REMOVE THIS WHEN THE ARTICLE IS NO LONGER A STUB! -->
 
{{stub}}
 

Latest revision as of 01:39, 18 April 2019

Levy 40 HB2
F-CFBA in San Sebastian, 1920.jpg
Role Flying Boat
Manufacturer Levy-Besson
Designer Le Pen & Blanchard [1]
Introduction Nov 1917 [1][2]
Primary users Roundel of the French Air Force before 1945.svg France
US Army Air Roundel.svg U.S.A.
Number built ~100 [1]
Wingspan 18.5 m (60 ft 8 in)[3]
Engine 280hp Renault 12Fe
Armament front flexible Lewis
300 kg (660 lb) of bombs
Crew 2-3
Max Speed 150 km/h (93 mph)[4][3][note 1][note 2]
Climb 1,800 m (6,000 ft) in 23:00[3]
2,000 m (6,560 ft) in 25:00[4][3]
Range 400 km (250 mi)[4]
Endurance 6:30 [4][3]

Avation Maritime's distrust of triplane flying boats such as the Levy-Besson "Alerte" led the firm to design a version with the more traditional biplane wings, the Georges Levy 40 HB2. ("HB2" probably stood for Hydravion Bombardement with a crew of two.). With a 280hp Renault engine, the plane had good performance and it could carry larger bombs than other French flying boats. It entered service in November 1917. One hundred were ordered in France, and twelve were used by the US Navy. Though it was originally designed for two, a crew of three was frequently carried -- two in the communal cockpit and a third in the nose with a flexible Lewis machine gun.[1]

It was also known as the Georges Levy 300hp Renault, the G.L.300[1], and the Levy-Le-Pen, and the Le Pen-Blanchard, after its designers. [2]

By 1918 it had become the standard in flying boats for the French Navy. It was the first flying boat to carry the new 79 kg (175 lb) anti-submarine bomb, a distinction it alone held for six months.[2]

For more information, see Wikipedia:Georges Levy G.L.40.

Timeline

Miniatures and Models

1:144 Scale

1:285/6mm/1:288 Scale

Resources

Orthographic Drawings

References

Notes
  1. Some references give a speed of 185 km/h (115 mph).[4]
  2. Cruising speed was 130 km/h (81 mph).[3]
Citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Davilla, p.303.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Nowarra, p.132.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Nowarra, pp.202-203.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Davilla, p.304.
Bibliography
  • Dr. James J. Davilla and Arthur M. Soltan. French Aircraft of the First World War. Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 0-9637110-4-0.
  • Heinz J. Nowarra, Bruce Robertson, and Peter G. Cooksley. Marine Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Letchworth, Herts, England: Harleyford Publications Limited, 1966. ISBN 0900435070