Difference between revisions of "Brandenburg D.I"

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  |name=Brandenburg D.I
 
  |name=Brandenburg D.I
 
  |image=Hansa_Brandenburg_D.I.jpg
 
  |image=Hansa_Brandenburg_D.I.jpg
|caption=
 
 
}}{{Infobox aircraft type
 
}}{{Infobox aircraft type
 
  |type=Fighter
 
  |type=Fighter
  |manufacturer=[[Brandenburg]]
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  |manufacturer=[[Brandenburg]], [[Phönix]]
  |designer=
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  |designer=Ernst Heinkel
  |first flight=
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  |first flight=early 1916 <ref name=Lamberton18>Lamberton, p.18.</ref>
  |introduced=
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  |introduced=late 1916<ref name="Meindl2">Meindl, p.2.</ref>
|retired=
 
|status=
 
 
  |primary user={{xUserCountry|AH}}
 
  |primary user={{xUserCountry|AH}}
|more users=
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  |number built=122<ref name="Meindl2">Meindl, p.2.</ref>
|produced=
 
  |number built=
 
 
  |variants with their own articles=
 
  |variants with their own articles=
 +
|engine=185hp Daimler inline or<br>160hp Daimler inline
 +
|armament=1 Schwarzlose M7/12 or M.16
 +
|crew=1
 +
|speed=see table
 +
|climb=see table
 +
|ceiling_svc={{xUnitM|5000}} <ref name=Munson32>Munson, p.32.</ref>
 +
|endurance=~2:30 <ref name=Munson32>Munson, p.32.</ref>
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|wingspan={{xUnitFtInM|27|11}} <ref name=Lamberton218>Lamberton, pp.218-219.</ref>
 
}}
 
}}
 
|}
 
|}
  
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The '''Hansa-Brandenburg D.I''' was Austria-Hungary's first native fighter.  It was also known as the "KD" Kampf-doppeldecker, or "Star-Strutter" for its unusual strut arrangement, which eliminated the need for bracing wires at the cost of extra weight.  This gave the D.I a good amount of speed for its time, but the climb rate and maneuverability suffered.
    NOTES ARE DONE AS: {{refn|group=note|Here is note text.}} AND THEY CAN INCLUDE <ref> TAGS.
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For armament, a Schwarzlose M7/12 or M.16 machine gun was usually provided in a VKII canister on the top wing, which made it impossible to clear a jam during flight.  On some machines the canister was removed and a top-wing gun was mounted firing over the propeller at an angle -- it had the advantage that jams could be cleared during flight.  On at least five D.Is a synchronized gun was fitted below the exhaust manifold of the 185hp Austro-Daimler engine.
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122 machines were built in four batches.  [[Phönix]] built the most successful planes:  the Series 28 and 28.5 D.I's, which had a deeper fuselage.  The 28.5's had wings of deeper chord and a fin and enlarged rudder, though this latter was subsequently refitted on many original Series 28's.  [[Brandenburg]] produced Series 65.5 and 65.7, though the latter, with only 150hp engines, were mostly used as trainers.
 +
 
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While it had its limitations, many of Austria-Hungary's top aces got started on the Star-Strutter before moving on to [[Aviatik D.I|Aviatik]] and [[Albatros D.III(Oef)|Albatros]] fighters.  Combat flights began in December 1916, and they served with many Fliks in 1917.  They started being withdrawn from the front in autumn 1917, and by early 1918 they had been delegated completely to a training role.
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<table border="1" style="border-collapse:collapse" cellpadding="2">
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<tr><th colspan="6">Brandenburg D.I Series</th></tr>
 +
<tr><th>Manufacturer</th><th>Series</th><th>Engine</th><th>Built</th><th>Speed</th><th>Climb</th></tr>
 +
<tr><td rowspan="2">[[Brandenburg]]</td><td>Series 65.5</td><td>160hp Daimler</td><td>20</td><td>{{xUnitKph|185}}<ref name=Grosz93-443>Grosz'93, p.443.</ref></td><td>{{xUnitM|1000}} in 4:08<ref name=Grosz93-443>Grosz'93, p.443.</ref></td></tr>
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<tr><td>Series 65.7</td><td>150hp Daimler</td><td>30</td><td>{{xUnitKph|179}}<ref name=Grosz93-443>Grosz'93, p.443.</ref></td><td>{{xUnitM|1000}} in 3:30<ref name=Grosz93-443>Grosz'93, p.443.</ref></td></tr>
 +
<tr><td rowspan="2">[[Phönix]]</td><td>Series 28</td><td>185hp Daimler</td><td>48</td><td>{{xUnitKph|170}}<ref name=Grosz93-117>Grosz'93, p.117.</ref></td><td>{{xUnitM|1000}} in 3:55<ref name=Grosz93-117>Grosz'93, p.117.</ref></td></tr>
 +
<tr><td>Series 28.5</td><td>185hp Daimler</td><td>24</td><td>{{xUnitKph|176}}<ref name=Grosz93-117>Grosz'93, p.117.</ref></td><td>{{xUnitM|1000}} in 4:30<ref name=Grosz93-117>Grosz'93, p.117.</ref></td></tr>
 +
</table>
 +
 
 
{{xReferenceWikipedia|Hansa-Brandenburg D.I}}
 
{{xReferenceWikipedia|Hansa-Brandenburg D.I}}
  
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== Timeline {{refn|group=note|Numbers are approximate}} ==
== Timeline ==
 
 
{{xCPTimeline|
 
{{xCPTimeline|
   bar:germany from:07/01/1916 till:08/31/1916 color:germany width:{{xTimelineWidth|7}}
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== Game Data ==
 
== Game Data ==
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Image:Guntruck-HB D1-AH-101G-Arigi.jpg|{{xCardnotes|country=AH|unit=Flik 101G|pilot=Arigi|artist=Guntruck}}
 
Image:Guntruck-HB D1-AH-101G-Arigi.jpg|{{xCardnotes|country=AH|unit=Flik 101G|pilot=Arigi|artist=Guntruck}}
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
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===== Card Links =====
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{{div col|colwidth=16em}}
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* {{xRoundelTiny|AH}} [http://www.wingsofwar.org/forums/album.php?albumid=2850&attachmentid=127585 Flik 41J - Linke-Crawford]
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{{div col end}}
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==={{xGame-BMCE}}===
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[http://www.maxeagles.com/CE/E_HBDI.PDF Aircraft Chart]
  
<!-- THIS SECTION COVERS MODELS IN SCALES 1:144, 1:288, 1:350, INCLUDING METAL, PLASTIC, AND 3D PRINTED
 
 
== Miniatures and Models ==
 
== Miniatures and Models ==
 
=== 1:144 Scale ===
 
=== 1:144 Scale ===
* Ares
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* Shapeways: [http://shpws.me/MFWw Reduced Aircraft Factory (early)], [http://shpws.me/MFWD RAF S.28.5], [http://shpws.me/MFWB RAF wing-gun], [http://shpws.me/MFWz RAF sync.], [http://shpws.me/DMBk wow]
<gallery mode="packed-hover" style="text-align:left">
 
Image:WGF117A.jpg|WGF117A Baracca
 
Image:WGF117B.jpg|WGF117B Nungesser
 
Image:WGF117C.jpg|WGF117C Thaw
 
</gallery>
 
* Shapeways: [http://shpws.me/Nd6b ReducedAircraftFactory], [http://shpws.me/Nd6S Reduced Aircraft Factory]
 
* Plastic Kit:  [http://www.valom.net/images/produkty/foto_14405%20Nieuport%20Ni%2017/foto_14405%20Nieuport%20Ni%2017.html Valom]
 
 
=== 1:285/6mm/1:288 Scale ===
 
=== 1:285/6mm/1:288 Scale ===
* Shapeways: [http://shpws.me/Nd6b ReducedAircraftFactory], [http://shpws.me/Nd6S Reduced Aircraft Factory]
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* Shapeways: [http://shpws.me/MFWw Reduced Aircraft Factory (early)], [http://shpws.me/MFWD RAF S.28.5], [http://shpws.me/MFWB RAF wing-gun], [http://shpws.me/MFWz RAF sync.], [http://shpws.me/LKrE wow]
 
=== 1:300 Scale ===
 
=== 1:300 Scale ===
* Metal:  [http://www.heroicsandros.co.uk/index.php?app=gbu0&ns=prodshow&ref=GWA203 Heroics & Ros]
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* Metal kit:  [http://www.heroicsandros.co.uk/index.php?app=gbu0&ns=prodshow&ref=GWA802 Heroics & Ros GWA802]
-->
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=== 1:350 Scale ===
 +
* Shapeways: [http://shpws.me/Hpm4 wow]
  
<!-- IF WE HAVE GOOD, PUBLIC ORTHOGRAPHIC VIEWS AND THE LIKE, THEY GO HERE.
 
 
==Resources==
 
==Resources==
===Isometric Top Views===
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===Orthographic Drawings===
 
<gallery mode="packed-hover" style="text-align:left">
 
<gallery mode="packed-hover" style="text-align:left">
Image:FokkerD3Top.png|early model
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Image:BrD1 28 early top.png|Series 28 early rudder
Image:FokkerD3AileronsTop.png|late model
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Image:BrD1 28 5 top.png|Series 28.5, canister
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Image:BrD1 28 topwing top.png|Series 28, top-wing gun
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Image:BrD1 28 synch top.png|Series 28, synchronized gun
 
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==References==
 
==References==
 
;Notes
 
;Notes
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<references />
 
<references />
 
;Bibliography
 
;Bibliography
* Peter Gray and Owen Thetford. ''German Aircraft of the First World War''.  Great Britain, Putnam, 1962, 1987. {{ISBN|0-85177-809-7}}.
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{{xGrosz-AH}}
* P.M.Grosz. ''Fokker Fighters D.I-IV''. Albatros Publications, Ltd., 1999. {{ISBN|1-902207-11-4}}.
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* Karl Meindl and Walter Schroeder, ''Great Aircraft in Profile 2:  Brandenburg D.I''. Flying Machines Press, 1997. {{ISBN|1-891268-01-5}}
* Peter M. Grosz, George Haddow, and Peter Schiemer. ''Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War One''. Flying Machines Press, 1993. {{ISBN|0-9637110-0-8}}.
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{{xMunson-Fighters}}
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[[Category:Hansa-Brandenburg aircraft]]
 
[[Category:Hansa-Brandenburg aircraft]]
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[[Category:Aircraft with 1:144 Models]]
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[[Category:Aircraft with 1:285-1:288 Models]]
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[[Category:Aircraft with 1:300 Models]]
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[[Category:Aircraft with 1:350 Models]]
 
__NOTOC__
 
__NOTOC__
 
<!-- FINALLY, REMOVE THIS WHEN THE ARTICLE IS NO LONGER A STUB! -->
 
{{stub}}
 

Latest revision as of 17:12, 20 July 2019

Brandenburg D.I
Hansa Brandenburg D.I.jpg
Role Fighter
Manufacturer Brandenburg, Phönix
Designer Ernst Heinkel
First flight early 1916 [1]
Introduction late 1916[2]
Primary user Cross-Pattee-Heraldry.svg Austria-Hungary
Number built 122[2]
Wingspan 8.51 m (27 ft 11 in) [3]
Engine 185hp Daimler inline or
160hp Daimler inline
Armament 1 Schwarzlose M7/12 or M.16
Crew 1
Max Speed see table
Climb see table
Service Ceiling 5,000 m (16,400 ft) [4]
Endurance ~2:30 [4]

The Hansa-Brandenburg D.I was Austria-Hungary's first native fighter. It was also known as the "KD" Kampf-doppeldecker, or "Star-Strutter" for its unusual strut arrangement, which eliminated the need for bracing wires at the cost of extra weight. This gave the D.I a good amount of speed for its time, but the climb rate and maneuverability suffered.

For armament, a Schwarzlose M7/12 or M.16 machine gun was usually provided in a VKII canister on the top wing, which made it impossible to clear a jam during flight. On some machines the canister was removed and a top-wing gun was mounted firing over the propeller at an angle -- it had the advantage that jams could be cleared during flight. On at least five D.Is a synchronized gun was fitted below the exhaust manifold of the 185hp Austro-Daimler engine.

122 machines were built in four batches. Phönix built the most successful planes: the Series 28 and 28.5 D.I's, which had a deeper fuselage. The 28.5's had wings of deeper chord and a fin and enlarged rudder, though this latter was subsequently refitted on many original Series 28's. Brandenburg produced Series 65.5 and 65.7, though the latter, with only 150hp engines, were mostly used as trainers.

While it had its limitations, many of Austria-Hungary's top aces got started on the Star-Strutter before moving on to Aviatik and Albatros fighters. Combat flights began in December 1916, and they served with many Fliks in 1917. They started being withdrawn from the front in autumn 1917, and by early 1918 they had been delegated completely to a training role.

Brandenburg D.I Series
ManufacturerSeriesEngineBuiltSpeedClimb
BrandenburgSeries 65.5160hp Daimler20185 km/h (115 mph)[5]1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 4:08[5]
Series 65.7150hp Daimler30179 km/h (111 mph)[5]1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 3:30[5]
PhönixSeries 28185hp Daimler48170 km/h (106 mph)[6]1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 3:55[6]
Series 28.5185hp Daimler24176 km/h (109 mph)[6]1,000 m (3,280 ft) in 4:30[6]

For more information, see Wikipedia:Hansa-Brandenburg D.I.

Timeline [note 1][edit]

Game Data[edit]

Wings of Glory[edit]

Unofficial Stats
Availability Maneuver Damage Dmg Points Max Alt. Climb
Maneuver.png Firing.png Damage.png Ceiling.png Climb.png
16Q4-18Q1 S B 14 11 3

Plane and Crew Cards[edit]

Card Links[edit]

Blue Max/Canvas Eagles[edit]

Aircraft Chart

Miniatures and Models[edit]

1:144 Scale[edit]

1:285/6mm/1:288 Scale[edit]

1:300 Scale[edit]

1:350 Scale[edit]

Resources[edit]

Orthographic Drawings[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. Numbers are approximate
Citations
  1. Lamberton, p.18.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Meindl, p.2.
  3. Lamberton, pp.218-219.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Munson, p.32.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Grosz'93, p.443.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Grosz'93, p.117.
Bibliography
  • Peter M. Grosz, George Haddow, and Peter Schiemer. Austro-Hungarian Army Aircraft of World War One. Flying Machines Press, 1993. ISBN 0-9637110-0-8.
  • Karl Meindl and Walter Schroeder, Great Aircraft in Profile 2: Brandenburg D.I. Flying Machines Press, 1997. ISBN 1-891268-01-5
  • Kenneth Munson, Fighters 1914-19, Attack and Training Aircraft. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1976. ISBN 0713707607